The Giving Tree PDF Summary

The Giving Tree PDF SummaryWell, the softness of this book made it a mark for critics and admirers alike to share their viewpoints.

We don’t prefer the term “book” since we believe it is more of a story which tries to put a broader perspective of inter-relationships into the spotlight.

It is also embellished with illustrations which paint an accurate image of how the plot intensifies.

Who Should Read “The Giving Tree”? And Why?

Firstly published in 1964, “The Giving Tree” rose to prominence due to its original motives. It remained Silverstein’s best work which was translated into numerous languages.

With that being said, we without any equivocation endorse this story and recommend it to the wider audience despite the generational differences.

Shel SilversteinAbout Shel Silverstein

Shel Silverstein was an American-born cartoonist, poet and a writer born at the height of the Great Depression in 1930.

His work will always remain etched into the hearts of his faithful audience.

“The Giving Tree PDF Summary”

When written, the book didn’t receive many admirations, since it was rejected due to various reasons. One editor at Simon & Schuster even claimed that the book is not cheerful for the kids, and simply not substantial for the grown-ups.

It wasn’t the flying start Shel had been hoping for.

Upon publishing, The Giving Tree received mixed recognitions, praises and often times – critics. Apparently, the main context had aroused controversy in terms of the interpretation of the storyline.

The narrative commences with a simple introduction of the main characters, but the emphasis falls on the relationship between a female tree and a boy.

The boy would come along and gather the leaves, make crowns and imagine of being a king of the dense forest. He would also play with the tree by climbing up and hanging on the branches.

The story continues by expressing the boy’s desires of eating the fruits (apples) from the tree. And when the boy got tired, he simply decided to rest in the shade.

Once the boy had its sleep, he would play hide-and-seek with the tree as they spend much of the time together.

The culmination of the plot rises to the surface as the boy grows older. The boy no more shares that innate desire to pick up leaves and eat apples; he is in need of things.

The tree gives him a proposition, to pick up the apples from the ground and those on the tree and sell them to make money.

And the boy started gathering the apples and putting them in a basket with an intention to sell them later.

The tree felt abandoned as the boy continued his routine.

One day, the tree asked the boy to climb up the trunk and swing a little bit, just like in the old days.

The boy replied that he is in need of a house to keep him warm. The tree allowed the boy to cut off some of the branches and build a beautiful house. And that will eventually make him happy.

So the boy did like he was told!

The next time the tree laid eyes upon the boy, it felt immense happiness. The boy, however, felt no urge to play with the tree and wanted a boat to sail away.

The tree told the boy to cut off its trunk and build a boat, that will make him happy. After a long time, the boy returned and saw the heartbroken tree with nothing left to give.

My apples are gone
My teeth are too weak for apples – said the boy
My branches are gone, you cannot swing on them
I am too old to swing on branches – said the boy.
My trunk is gone, you cannot climb
I am too tired to climb – said the boy.

I just want a place to sit and rest. The tree invited the boy to rest, and it was happy.

Key Lessons from “The Giving Tree”

1.      The power of gratitude
2.      Break out from the bubble of greed
3.      Be careful what you wish for

The power of gratitude

Every now and then, people are not happy with the life they have, and they are in full pursuit for more. It is almost a global phenomenon that keeps us miserable for the entire life-span.

Some people have never once expressed glimpses of thankfulness, and that is why gratitude must emerge.

Break out from the bubble of greed

It comes as no surprise that is not easy to tackle that unquenchable hunger. We are taught that people must always struggle in order to battle through due to lack of money or status.

For precisely that reason, one must figure out a way to shift its mindset and adopt a more open approach.

Be careful what you wish for

Sometimes the things you crave so deeply, are the things that are going to bring you a lot of suffering. Take lottery-winners, for example; there are many suicidal cases which are a direct consequence of winning the lottery.

Stay with both feet on your ground and ponder about your decisions!

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Our Critical Review

We can say that this is one of the most thought-provoking and mindful stories we have ever bump into. It truly reflects people’s attitude toward life and unravels the exact causes leading to suffering.

It stands to reason why we believe it will benefit you regardless of your age or position.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

Fear And Loathing in Las Vegas Quotes

Fear And Loathing in Las Vegas QuotesA Savage Journey to the Heart of the American Dream

“Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas” is a novel with a catchy title, catchy style, catchy plot, and even catchier origins.

The story’s roots find their way all their way back to the two trips the author Hunter S. Thompson made to las vegas.

At the time Thomson was covering a story about the Mexican-American tv journalists, that the LA County Sheriff’s Department had killed and was using Acosta, a Mexican-American attorney, and as they passed some time together they realized that it is quite tricky for a brown-skinned Mexican like Acosta to speak openly with a white journalist in LA.

The atmosphere there was tense when it came to racial questions, so needing some time and space for themselves so that they can discuss all matters freely.

This trip became central to the story Thompson first started out as a 2500 word manuscript. But then, he developed it into a novel-length story.

In order to fill up the story, he and Acosta went on a second trip to Las Vegas where they tried to find experiences that would allow them to feel the American Dream, which Thompson imagined to be the topic of the second part of the book.

The results from these trips were first published in the Rolling Stone magazine, and the hardcover edition follows next year.

The story basically starts out the same: journalist Raoul Duke and his lawyer Dr. Gonzo go to Las Vegas to cover a motorcycle race for a magazine.

However, the purpose for which they are there is continuously blurred by different recreational drugs. The list of drugs is long, and it includes ether, cocaine, LSD, alcohol, cannabis, and mescaline.

Spending so much time under influence, their days become bizarre, and they experience a series of hallucinogenic events.

The events in the novel are unclear, as is the whole narrative, but then it could only be expected when it is a story about characters whose thoughts are mixed and fuzzy.

The basic synopsis is a puzzle of surreal circumstances, making it hard to differentiate between reality and the characters’ imagination. The only thing that is certain is the existence of the American dream and the greed that rules the city.

Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas Quotes – Top 10

There was madness in any direction, at any hour. Click To Tweet When you bring an act into this town, you want to bring it heavy. Click To Tweet Buy the ticket, take the ride. Click To Tweet There was every reason to believe I was heading for trouble, that I'd pushed my luck a bit far. Click To Tweet There was evidence, in this room, of excessive consumption of almost every type of drug known to civilized man since 1544 A.D. Click To Tweet In a world of thieves, the only final sin is stupidity. Click To Tweet Every now and then when your life gets complicated and the weasels start closing in, the only real cure is to load up on heinous chemicals and then drive like a bastard. Click To Tweet There was a fantastic universal sense that whatever we were doing was right, that we were winning. And that, I think, was the handle - that sense of inevitable victory over the forces of Old and Evil. Click To Tweet You can turn your back on a person, but never turn your back on a drug—especially when it’s waving a razor-sharp hunting knife in your eyes. Click To Tweet This place is getting to me. I think I'm getting the Fear. Click To Tweet

This book has a much broader meaning than merely drug use, as many would believe.

As the characters destroy and wreck rooms and cars, they are actually symbolically destroying everything that is connected to consumerism, and the city itself is a symbol of the ugliness of such consumerist lifestyle.

Yet, when it was first published, it was highly criticized for the overwhelming number of scenes containing drugs. Some critics even advised readers to skip the novel entirely, and not waste time on it.

But the true worth of a book is only understood through time, and hence as time passed, the novel became increasingly popular, and along with popularity, the number of positive reviews increased as well.

And, the deeper we delve into this article, the number of quotes we offer to you increases too.

Yes, that is right – we have more word-candy you can binge on.

Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas Quotes

There is nothing in the world more helpless and irresponsible and depraved than a man in the depths of an ether binge. 

Our trip was different. It was a classic affirmation of everything right and true and decent in the national character. It was a gross, physical salute to the fantastic possibilities of life in this country-but only for those with true grit.

We promised, but the moment we got inside we lost control. 

History is hard to know, because of all the hired bullshit, but even without being sure of ‘history’ it seems entirely reasonable to think that every now and then the energy of a whole generation comes to a head in a long fine flash, for reasons that nobody really understands at the time — and which never explain, in retrospect, what actually happened.

There was no point in fighting—on our side or theirs.

So now, less than five years later, you can go up on a steep hill in Las Vegas and look West, and with the right kind of eyes, you can almost see the high-water mark—that place where the wave finally broke and rolled back.

Still humping the American Dream.

Sympathy? Not for me. No mercy for a criminal freak in Las Vegas.

This will not be a happy run. Not even the Sun God wants to watch.

The press is a gang of cruel faggots. Journalism is not a profession or a trade. It is a cheap catch-all for fuckoffs and misfits — a false doorway to the backside of life, a filthy piss-ridden little hole nailed off by the building inspector, but just deep enough for a wino to curl up from the sidewalk and masturbate like a chimp in a zoo-cage.

Don’t waste any time with cheap shucks and misdemeanors. Go straight for the jugular. Get right into felonies. The mentality of Las Vegas is so grossly atavistic that a really massive crime often slips by unrecognized.

Hallucinations are bad enough. But after a while you learn to cope with things like seeing your dead grandmother crawling up your leg with a knife in her teeth. 

No sympathy for the devil; keep that in mind. 

Few people understand the psychology of dealing with a highway traffic cop.

Old elephants limp off to the hills to die; old Americans go out to the highway and drive themselves to death with huge cars.

One of the things you learn, after years of dealing with drug people, is that everything is serious.

This place is like the Army: the shark ethic prevails–eat the wounded. In a closed society where everybody’s guilty, the only crime is getting caught. 

For a loser, Vegas is the meanest town on earth.

Ignore that nightmare in the bathroom. Just another ugly refugee from the Love generation, some doom-struck gimp who couldn’t handle the pressure.

Final Notes

Hunter S. Thompson, the author of the book, is known to be the inventor of the journalistic style known as Gonzo, in which reporters involve themselves in the stories they tell.

Some consider “Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas” to be a failed attempt at this kind of reporting. However, it is publicly known that the author is a keen user of psychedelics, just like his characters – so the story, at least to a point rings true.

Having seen some of the quotes from the book, you can notice that the style is bold and catchy, and the characters have a strong, memorable voice.

Because of the nature of the narrative and its lack of clarity, on the other hand, it is best if you experience the talk of the characters as they are talking to you.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

Believe It to Achieve It PDF Summary

Believe It to Achieve It PDFIt sounds logical, doesn’t it?

Not even a pile of overwhelming evidence is enough for some people to take action.

Their laziness and lethargic attitude obstructs every process and undermines all chances of a possible clean sweep.

Who Should Read “Believe It to Achieve It”? And Why?

We don’t want to spend any more words than we have to on this one.

Believe It to Achieve it is without any question suitable for the wider audience, especially for people who lack determination and have low self-esteem.

About Bryan Tracy & Christina Stein

Bryan TracyBrian Tracy is the author of many bestselling books, and of the of most celebrated motivators in the digital era. His best works are: Eat That Frog, No Excuses, Maximum Achievement, Get Smart, etc.

Christina Stein is an author, speaker, and psychotherapist who holds a master degree in clinical psychology.

“Believe It to Achieve It PDF Summary”

We live in a world without words, where everything changes in a heartbeat. You don’t need anyone to tell you that stress is all around us. Settling scores with the society is anything but beneficial. So, what should you do?

Following a clear and concise step-by-step program developed by Brian Tracy and Christina Stein can be a start. Cast doubt on your patterns and challenge your ideas!

CHAPTER ONE: Why People Get Stuck

Each and every one can recall a situation that brought you suffering such as: losing a job or ending up heartbroken. Why do you need this simple exercise?

A person who thrives on challenges can generally overcome this insecurity and develop into a self-conscious individual. If you can look back without a judgemental attitude, you’ll not be pulled in the circle of endless suffering.

CHAPTER TWO: What Holds You Back

You don’t need maneuvering to get everything you desire and crave for. Many people have risen to the occasion just because they were aware of their craftiness.

No one can take away your talent, not even you. Nonetheless, sometimes we give it away so easily, walk out on it, and reject the possibility that one day we could live our dreams. In reality, there is virtually nothing impossible if you are willing to put a lot of effort and energy.  

If you lack the stomach to follow your dreams, no one can do it on your behalf.

CHAPTER THREE: Letting Go of the Past

Whatever affects your decision-making can be modified to serve a higher purpose. Ascertain the cause of your defeats, before you draw any conclusion. That way, you will be one step ahead of any trauma, and thus you’ll take over the driver’s seat.

CHAPTER FOUR: Change Your Thinking, Change Your Life

This step is easy to digest because it promotes a message that is pretty straightforward. Why a positive thinking head prevails over a negative one? Underachievers are those people who lack the efficiency and determination to get things done.

Having the upper hand is sometimes harder than it seems because we don’t dare to run the show. We are satisfied with second place, a position that is merely a reflection of fear and insecurity.

CHAPTER FIVE: Become a Master of Change

The human body, nature, society are prone to evolution; everything changes with each breath. If you don’t embrace a flexible attitude, the world will crash down on your shoulders. Be more open-minded and prepared for anything.

Expecting a change is a step that must be taken into account. Changes are inevitable; an aspect of our lives that cannot be sidestepped. With this in mind, it’s better if you adjust to changes, rather than opposing their impact and staying rigid.

CHAPTER SIX: The People in Your Life

Everyone carries mental baggage that is filled with depression, anxiety and moments to forget. Despite these painful memories, Brian warns you of the danger to put the blame on others and shift the responsibility. You are the only one who should be held accountable for your life.

These individuals who left a mark in your life, shouldn’t be taken too seriously, because at the end of the day, it all relies on your readiness to show glimpses of your full capabilities.

CHAPTER SEVEN: Get On with It!

In this chapter, you’ll get the hand of 7 critical steps that one must take in order to exploit its mental and intellectual potential fully.

  1. Values: It’s needless to say that happy people, don’t bargain with happiness. They stand firmly behind their decisions, because their values are out in the open.
  2. VisionThe minute you define your values, you can then begin to visualize and put yourself in a position you would like to be in the foreseeable future.
  3. Mission: Find your mission before you do anything else. Question your agenda, personality, goals, vision and choose a field that requires your prowess as a specialist.
  4. Purpose: What is your purpose on this planet? Do you want to be yet another undiscovered gem, or join the mediocre mindset prevailing in the community?
  5. Goals: Define your goals before making a move. It’s a lot easier to succeed once you have a clear direction where you should be heading.
  6. Priorities: It may seem obvious, but many people misjudge their capabilities because they don’t heed the warnings.
  7. Actions: Once you execute all the steps, you can then proceed to put your plan, vision, values, and goals into action. The perfect mix of discipline and willpower can take you anywhere.

CONCLUSION: Seven Truths About You

You are a thoroughly good and excellent person. There is no single evidence out there that can crumble your inner value because your potential and talent are beyond “ifs” and “buts”!

You are important, in many, many ways. We are all beautiful creations, deriving from the same place. Don’t cast doubt on your uniqueness and value as a human being.

You have unlimited potential. Who can be the master of your destiny other than you? It’s about time you harness the power of vision and emotional stability.

You create your world in every respect. You don’t need us telling you, whatever you think; you become. Change your life, by changing your mindset.

You are always free to choose. This existence grants us the privilege of choosing life in manners that suits us. Don’t lose your grip on your happiness and bliss.

You were put on this earth with a great destiny. There’s not a single person out there who shares the same abilities and skills as you do. Don’t underestimate your capacity.

There are no limits to what you can do, be, or have. It is scary for some people to hear and witness the dreaded truth – There are no limits nor restrictions in the universe!

Key Lessons from “Believe It to Achieve It”

1.      Embrace uncertainty and uniqueness
2.      Create your future at once
3.      Adopt an “I Can Do It” attitude

Embrace uncertainty and uniqueness

Not even twins are comparable, so quotes I can’t hold a candle to “someone” are not advisable.

Stick to your oneness, and don’t fall in the pitfall of identification and comparison.

Create your future at once

It’s about time you steer your mind and life, and use your authority to fix things up. Sometimes, we tend to put our faith in the hands of other individuals.

Such mentality is a one-way ticket to an emotional breakdown. Evaluate your decisions and take one step at the time.

Adopt an “I Can Do It” attitude

We cannot emphasize enough of how important it is for you to be fully equipped with the right behavior.

Whiners and underachievers have one thing in common – They can’t do it! Don’t fall for that, follow in the footsteps of those who advocate for success and transparency.

Like this summary? We’d Like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.

“Believe It to Achieve It Quotes”

The first cause of negative emotions is justification. Negative emotions cannot exist unless you can explain to yourself and others why you are entitled to feel how you do about this person or situation. Click To Tweet Fear, doubt, and worry arise when the child is continually criticized whenever she makes a mistake of any kind. Click To Tweet Big life changes such as a new job, moving, the birth of a child, and the end of a relationship can all result in short periods of feeling overwhelmed and irrational. Click To Tweet Peace of mind is the highest human good. Click To Tweet Perhaps the most important principle of success and happiness is contained in the law of forgiveness. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

Perhaps not everyone wishes to hear this, but there are hardly any limits!

This book presents a guideline made of certain protocols and standards that you should embrace if you wish to count yourself among victors.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

Best Books on Buddhism

Best Books on BuddhismFounded by Siddhartha Gautama – The Buddha or the “Awakened,” this relatively old teaching lured many followers in 500 B.C.

These so-called early Buddhists quickly began spreading the word of their master – wisdom that will be etched into the hearts of many generations.

Siddhartha was born as a prince, who had all the privileges of living a life anyone could wish for. His stay at the castle deprived him of seeing the actual truth behind closed doors.

When “The Buddha” finally got a touch with reality, he was both anxious and eager to learn more about suffering.

It was this moment, that can be marked as the beginning of a new era. Many people would disagree that Buddhism is a religion, due to the fact that it allows you to find your own path to self-knowingness.

On the other hand, it shares a handful of insights to guide you on this endless journey.

The story about a prince and heir to the throne, who gave up the crown and worldly pleasures to become the Buddha, a person who is aware of its inner potential.

Many stories link him to peacefulness, and how he managed to pass over the wisdom to others.

Buddha’s decisions surprised many, and sometimes his methods were not only unorthodox but also quite shocking.

He frequently refused to help people with mental baggage, who demanded merely a therapy not to embark on a full-scale adventure.

He believed that it’s not up to him to help them but to show them the way so that they can overcome the egoic world.

To cut a long story short – He fought against “I,” the egocentric phenomenon that represents the foundation for all evil that exists in human action.

In Christianity or Islam, the priests are duty-bound to impart the same methods over and over again to untold generations.

Buddhism however, cannot sum up the teachings of Buddha in one central text.

To put it simply, what we know today as Buddhism is in actuality a mix of philosophies, insights, revelations, and inner pulls. A real collection of practical tips that are supposed to aid you in the struggle of reaching nirvana.

Let’s expose the Top 10 Books on Buddhism:

Radiant Mind1. Radiant Mind – Jean Smith

We can say with some confidence that Jean Smith underlines only the most life-altering tips for novices in the field spirituality.

If you are eager to plunge into the secrets of Buddhism, this is the book you wouldn’t want to sidestep.

A collection of all the essential teachings is more than enough to get you started.

Even if you are still not sure of your path, this book can provide guidance, especially when the ride gets a bit bumpy.

A Force for Good2. A Force for Good – Daniel Goleman

Although this book doesn’t cover the teachings directly, it sure illustrates the urge for providing help and assistance to others.

Dalai Lama in his efforts to educate the world and spark peacefulness puts under the radar the elementary principles, we as a society have embraced.

He explains why a peaceful solution is the only permanent fix that cannot fade away. Compassion is the only weapon we should use against ignorance and hatred.

Extinguishing a fire, with bigger flames is not advisable nor feasible.

Being Upright3. Being Upright – Reb Anderson

Reb Anderson displays all the fundamental teachings of Zen and how these concepts of pure Zen Buddhism thoroughly examines the ten basic precepts.

Among them, you can find something similar to the ten commandments: Don’t steal, kill nor lie.

It’as based on ethics and real understanding among all beings of the universe.

Compassion as a tool is once again at the center of the process because it represents the alpha and omega in Zen Buddhism.

We believe that Reb is a real devote and a passionate teacher who acquired his knowledge through ethics-based learning.

Peace is Every Step4. Peace is Every Step – Thich Nhat Hanh

Thich Nhat Hanh is a Vietnamese Monk, who thrives in helping the society to improve in all aspects.

His methods are practical and easy-to-follow. Peace is Every Step illustrates the only path to full-awareness or mindfulness.

Many people are misled with the terminology such as “mindfulness.” It doesn’t indicate that your “brain” is filled with all sorts of items or elements, but on the contrary, it’s on another level.

A stage of true devotion towards the ultimate purpose, which is – achieving peace on a global scale.

Zen and the Art of Making a Living5. Zen and the Art of Making a Living – Laurence G. Boldt

The real question is – Can you escape the daily grind? – Laurence questions the prowess to turn the attention over to more important things, such as being happy!

Such cliché talks are often ignored by the people because it seems like we’ve got it all figured out. However, your emotional position tells a different story.

If you cannot make a real living out of your habits, you are doing something wrong, so take notes and see what this book has to say.

The Poetry of Zen6. The Poetry of Zen – Sam Hamill and J.P. Seaton

This collection of Japanese and Chinese poetry can bring your Zen knowledge to another level.

It stretches beyond the boundaries of time covering a wide range of teachings starting from the early days to the modern era.

Contemplating this amazing poetry will surely put you in a better mood.


7. Siddhartha – Hermann Hesse

Herman Hesse shares another story regarding the life of “The Buddha” or his real name – Siddhartha. 

Before reaching a stage of total awareness, he had to handle a myriad of challenges.

In this book, you’ll get introduced to various situations that helped him to become the symbol of peacefulness and mutual understanding.

Mindfulness in Plain English

8. Mindfulness in Plain English – Henepola Gunaratana

This book is perfect for “rookies” in the realm of spirituality and enlightenment.

It provides an excellent cover for those willing to dive into the river of non-conceptualized knowledge.

We can only endorse its methods and encourage you to drink water from this fountain until you quench your thirst.

Generally speaking, exploit your potential by burying the hatchet.

Why Buddhism is True9. Why Buddhism is True – Robert Wright

Wright explains how “The Buddha” realized the essence of this existence all those years ago.

Scientists today still struggle to find proof regarding the accuracy of these theories.

He acknowledges that meditation acts as a key to finding another route to happiness.

If you wish to get out of the circle of anxiety and be happy, maybe you need to alter your viewpoints and allow Buddhism to enter your heart.

The Three Pillars of Zen10. The Three Pillars of Zen – Roshi Philip Kapleau

In this teaching by Roshi Philip Kapleau, you’ll be introduced to the core principles of becoming truly aware of the nature of your inner-self.

Just by following the three main pillars: teaching, practice, and enlightenment you’ll improve not just your life, but also serve as an example in your community.

Like this summary? We’d Like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.

Final Notes:

We hope that this list can help you in your journey of becoming truly in the presence of love and compassion.

Don’t delay anything, take action and start your adventure leading towards full-mindfulness.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

Oxygen Summary

Oxygen SummaryThe molecule that made the world

Do you know the nature of oxygen? Do you know what happens when you breathe?

Do you know the role oxygen has not only in keeping you alive but for the evolution of the species as well?

If not, this is a good place to start finding out the answers to those questions.

Who Should Read “Oxygen” and Why?

“Oxygen” is a book about the gas that keeps us alive, and as you will see once you read the book, poisons us really slowly.

We recommend it to all readers who would like to know the role oxygen played in the evolution of organisms, and how the world became as it is today, as well as to those who wish to understand the process of breathing and how it affects our bodies.

About Nick Lane

Nick LaneDr. Nick Lane is a prolific author who holds a degree in biochemistry from the Imperial College in London.

“Oxygen Summary”

If we ask you what is Oxygen, then you will probably tell us that it is what keeps you alive, right?

But did you know that Oxygen also kills you?

Yes, breathing both keeps you alive and slowly kills you at the same time.

With every breath you take, some toxic byproducts are produced and stored in your body, and over time these byproducts harm you.

It is not like you can stop it.

If we found the answer to this – we would have stopped aging already.

Anyway, let’s not get ahead of ourselves and start from the very beginning.

Today, in the air we breathe, there is around 21 percent oxygen. However, that was not the case around four billion years ago when the atmosphere had very little oxygen.

Then, after the Cambrian explosion, the only survivals on earth were plants.

In order to survive the harsh conditions, they had to do much photosynthesis and produce vast amounts of oxygen in the process.

The single cellular organisms which were not used to this amount of oxygen tried to escape it, but not being able to, they ultimately had to group themselves, and that is how the multi-cellular organisms evolved.

After some time, in the air there a lot of oxygen – almost double of today’s levels.

This percentage made it easier for cells to grow and thus the giant animals were created. However, this percentage did not only make it easier for the animals to grow, but they could also move more easily, which made hunting easier as well.

One significant name to note during our explanation of the topic is the world-renowned Marie Curie.

Curie is a Nobelist which discovered radiation. However, her discovery seemed to be fatal since she died of leukemia when she was 67.

But why is Curie important to oxygen?

Because her discoveries of radiation are closely related to oxygen as well.

Do you remember that we told you that oxygen could kill?

Well, Curie’s findings show that the biological damage as a result of radiation and oxygen poisoning are almost the same.

Wait, what?

Yes! I was just as surprised when I read this information as well!

When radiation pierces the body, it breaks water into oxygen and hydrogen, in the process producing toxic byproducts.

When you breathe, however, these byproducts are turned into water.

So, breathing is poisoning you – it just does it very slowly.

But, if it is so, how can you protect yourself? You cannot stop breathing, can you?

Filling yourself up with antioxidants is one way of doing it. Another technique is to exercise cardio exercises – to run.

Although there are many innovations nowadays, we cannot seem to answer the one question that has been pressing people forever: how to stop aging.

In the modern world, two theories of aging exist stochastic and programmed theories.

The first ones argue that aging has nothing to do with genes. This is where the oxygen poisoning theory comes into play.

The programmed theories, on the other hand, are those that believe that aging is mainly genetical.

The author of the book believes that the truth about aging is somewhere in between.

And until someone proves it – we cannot state anything for certain. However, it is quite reasonable to think that the fewer toxins we enter in our body, the slower the aging process will be.

The question is, how can we stop oxygen from producing toxins that harm us in the long term?

Key Lessons from “Oxygen”

1.      Multi-Cellular Life Developed Thanks to the Increase in Oxygen
2.      Giant Animals Can Exist Only With High Levels of Oxygen
3.      Breathing Determines the Speed of Aging

Multi-Cellular Life Developed Thanks to the Increase in Oxygen

Most of the organisms we interact with in everyday life are multi-cellular.

However, primate life was not like that. Multi-cellular organisms developed thanks to the increase in oxygen that happened because the plants that survived the Cambrian explosion started photosynthesizing a lot of oxygen to survive.

Giant Animals Can Exist Only With High Levels of Oxygen

The giant animals from the past could only exist because of the huge levels of atmospheric oxygen. When these animals live, there was 35% oxygen in the air. To compare it with, today we have only 21% oxygen in the air.

Oxygen made it easy to grow and breathe, but also it eased the movement as well.

Breathing Determines the Speed of Aging

Did you know that breathing both keeps you alive and kill you?

With every breath you take your body produces toxic byproducts, and stores them. These byproducts over some time are the cause of damage.

However, there is not a limit of how much oxygen you can breathe – it all depends on your body.

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“Oxygen Quotes”

Our bodies are historical accidents of evolution and ultimately can only be understood from an evolutionary perspective: how things got to be the way they are. Click To Tweet Mitochondria, as we have seen, are only passed on in the egg, so all 13 mitochondrial genes come from our mothers. If these genes really do influence lifespan, and we can only inherit them from our mothers, then our own lifespan should… Click To Tweet As conventionally stated, the idea that breathing oxygen causes aging is disarmingly simple. Click To Tweet Unlike infections, aging is not easily reversed: mitochondrial damage accumulates continuously. Click To Tweet The expression of normal genes in an oxidized environment is the basis of their negative pleiotropic effects in old age. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

This is not a book you pick up to read for fun, but it is filled with so many interesting information that you would not come across.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

SuperBetter Summary

SuperBetter SummaryThe Power of Living Gamefully

Games are everywhere.

Contrary to what you may believe, this is not that bad.

Who Should Read “Superbetter” and Why?

“SuperBetter” is a book about games, and the impact they have, as well as the impact they could have on our lives.

It is a guideline for people who have undergone trauma and are looking for ways to heal, as well as all others who feel that games are a waste of time.

Games are happening, and we cannot fight them, so why not find out how we can use them to improve our lives?

About Jane McGonigal

Jane McGonigalJane McGonigal is a researcher on game perception and game development.

She is an author, a Director of Games Research and Development at the Institute of the Future in Palo Alto, California and a creator of alternate reality games.

“Superbetter Summary”

What do you think about games?

Do you think they are just a way to escape reality and waste time that could be otherwise spent on other, more important things that could actually improve the quality of people’s lives?

You should not judge games that much.


Because games are fun, and people love doing fun things.

So, why not use games to your advantage, instead of criticizing them?

The author came up with this idea, while she was recovering from a brain injury.

She wanted to get not just better, but SuperBetter, and realized that creating a game was the way to go, since people do not feel stressed when they overcome challenges through a game.

So, she created this game that is designed to help people whenever they feel overwhelmed with problems.

But does SuperBetter really work?

It does.

And it has to thank two human phenomena for its success: post-traumatic grown and post estatic growth.

Contrary to what you may believe trauma does not always have long-lasting negative consequences on human life.

Instead, it can be used as a catalyst for growth and for a more fulfilling and happier everyday experiences.

However, not only trauma leads to growth – you can induce it yourself, by overcoming challenges on your own, which is called post ecstatic growth.

These two forms of development result from going through hard times.

It is true what people say: that hard times will make you toucher.

They do help you build mental, emotional, physical and social resilience.

When people face big challenges, they can easily fall into the trap of starting to feel alone and isolated. However, you must not let yourself do this.

Allies surround you at all times – you just have to find them.

Video games make people feel more connected to those they play with.

Humans tend to mimic those whom they are surrounded with, and studies show that game-players tend to develop similar patterns of thoughts and actions when they spend time together and play games.

What this means is that video games can help people develop friendships and find their “allies” making them feel less alone.

Another thing they can help with is motivation!

Yes, you heard right – it is true that they can be a form of procrastination, but they can also help you build your confidence, motivation, and strength.

Of course, it all depends on the way games are designed and the way people use them.

But what causes the difference between how games affect different players.

We all know some people who become incredibly antisocial when they are playing games and others that become more motivated and hardworking.

Well, surprisingly in life the answer does not lie in what games people play or the time they spend playing them. Instead, you should look at the reason you play.

Why you play matters the most of all factors since not all people play for educational purposes.

Some people play to escape reality. These are the cases when gaming is bad for the individual.

On the other hand, if the approach toward gaming is different, games can help you improve your life.

Just like with every other thing in life, in gaming as well, the mindset is everything.

Thankfully, developing the right mindset to reap the benefits of gaming is not that hard. Just remember what positive changes they can bring you, by letting you do something you find enjoyable.

If you do take the right approach, they can make you happier and can help you manage your problems. Playing multiplayer games can improve your communication, organization and coordination skills as well.

SuperBetter is a game that consists of seven steps that let you enjoy all the positive aspects of gaming.

No matter what problem is at hand – the game always has seven steps.

Which are the steps?

We number them in the key lessons below.

Key Lessons from “Superbetter”

1.      The SuperBetter Seven Steps
2.      Games Can Reduce Pain
3.      Care About the “Why”

The SuperBetter Seven Steps

Challenge yourself to reach a specific goal. Change your mindset: your goal is a challenge, not a threat.

Identify the power-ups that help you move forward.

Find your allies.

Complete quests – one quest per day is an excellent place to start.

Self-reflect and develop a secret identity.

Always push yourself and aim toward more significant wins.

Games Can Reduce Pain

Games do not work just as a mental escape – they can have physical effects as well, like for example reducing physical pain.

They do this by shifting our attention and engaging us in a state that is called flow, in which we feel in control of our lives.

Care About the “Why”

The difference between people who experience positive results from games and those that suffer negative consequences is not the time they are playing or the kinds of games they are playing, but their reason for playing.

The mindset is everything.

Luckily, the mindset can be changed, and each person can start playing for the right reasons, no matter how it was in the past.

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“Superbetter Quotes”

Work ethic is not a moral virtue that can be cultivated simply by wanting to be a better person. It’s actually a biochemical condition that can be fostered, purposefully, through activity that increases dopamine levels in the brain. Click To Tweet Over time, even the tiniest meaningful actions add up, each one bringing you closer to a life that is truer to your dreams and free of regret. Click To Tweet Even if you never increase your physical or social resilience, seeking out more positive emotions every day alone can add a full decade to your life. Click To Tweet S. Eliot famously wrote, - If you aren’t in over your head, how do you know how tall you are? Click To Tweet Purposeful play builds self-confidence and real-world problem-solving skills. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

Jane offers an interesting view on games and the effects they have on people. Just like her other book “Reality is Broken,” “SuperBetter” delivers a theory backed up by studies and logical reasoning.

It is an interesting read that anyone can learn from.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

Meditations on First Philosophy Summary

Meditations on First Philosophy SummaryHow do we know that reality is what we think it is? How do we know that what we see is true?

Descartes believes he has the answer to such perennial questions: our ability to think.

Who Should Read “Meditations on First Philosophy” and Why?

“Meditations on First Philosophy” is a classic, but it is not a book for everyone, simply because it is a bit complex for understanding.

It tries to explain how the human mind and the ability to think proves our existence, as well as the existence of God.

If you love philosophy and philosophical books, though, then this is a read that you should definitely put on your shelf.

About René Descartes

René DescartesRené Descartes was a French philosopher widely both criticized and acclaimed for his works.

He was the one who created skepticism and broke away from the earlier philosophical tradition which followed Aristotelian footsteps.

“Meditations on First Philosophy Summary”

People make sense of the world relying on their five senses: taste, smell, touch, sight, and hearing.

However, the sense is not always reliable.

Let’s take dreams for example.

When you dream, everything in the dream feels real, no matter how bizarre it may be. You only realize the dream’s absurdity when you wake up.

So, although we may think that senses give us an actual and utterly realistic image of the world that surrounds us, the fact is that the information we get from the senses can be distorted by external forces.

But if we cannot entirely rely on our senses and the information we get from them, what can we do?

Well, we should start perceiving everything there is with a dosage of skeptical doubt.

Wait, what exactly can we get from skepticism?

About other things, we cannot guarantee, but one thing that we can guarantee is that skepticism will make you think.

Thinking, in fact, is the only reliable technique that we can use to evaluate the world.

This is why Rene Descartes said: I think, therefore I exist.

However, what is thinking and what is just processing the information the senses give us?

Well, when you think, your mind makes a judgment about the world and defines events and objects. But if thinking is a way to prove our own existence, how can we prove that the world exists as well?

Don’t we get a sense of the world through the senses, which we already said cannot be trusted?

It is significant to have in mind that some things in the world are understood with the sole use of our minds.

We are talking about concepts that people do not need to encounter in the physical world in order to grasp them.

Other things, on the other hand, are imposed on us from the outside world whether we like it or not – like the feeling of cold or warm for example.

However, since our senses can be fooled, it is logical to note that the concepts we grasp using our minds are more reliable than those which we understand based on our senses.

Just think about people in the past and how they perceived nature. They were wrong, weren’t they?

If we solely use our senses, we would just see the sun as a small ball on the sky, and not understand its true nature.

The smallest degree of reality, however, have the ideas that we create ourselves.

In any case, the ability to think proves that the mind actually exists, and not the other way round.

However, this thinking does not need to be “trapped” in a physical form in order to happen – thinking can happen without physical properties.

In fact, body and mind pose two different levels of existence.

The mind is the highest form, and the body is the secondary, sensory form.

Since the mind and the body exist in two different levels, it means that they are not dependent upon each other.

In other words, they can exist independently.

What does this mean for you?

Simply put, it proves that the soul or mind, whatever you may call it, can continue existing even after the death.

We understand that the concepts we played out briefly for you may seem abstract since it is impossible to explain them in such a short space thoroughly, so we recommend you read the whole book, so you get a better understanding of the topic

Now, we move on to the key lessons.

Key Lessons from “Meditations on First Philosophy”

1.      Always Question Your Senses         
2.      Thinking Proves Your Existence
3.      Three Categories of Truth Exist in This World      

Always Question Your Senses

Your senses do not always show you the true image of the world. Many times they will give a distorted concept of reality, and that is why you must doubt your senses and question them at all times.

Only through skepticism and careful thinking you can come to the truth.

Thinking Proves Your Existence

If senses are not to be trusted, then what can we rely on?

Descartes believes that human thoughts are the way to prove existence. The judgments the brain makes on things whether they are based in reality or imaginary, prove that you are alive.

Three Categories of Truth Exist in This World

Each thing in this world can be considered as one of three categories of truth.

The first group is the things that you can explain only using your minds, or by thinking.

The second category is the things that can be explained by using your senses.

Finally, the third category is a mix of the previous two.

According to Descartes, the first category of truth is the most reliable since thinking is more reliable than senses.

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“Meditations on First Philosophy Quotes”

It is only prudent never to place complete confidence in that by which we have even once been deceived.

Doubt is the origin of wisdom.

But what then am I? A thing that thinks. What is that? A thing that doubts, understand, affirms, denies, wills, refuses, and that also imagines and senses.

When I turn my mind’s eye upon myself, I understand that I am a thing which is incomplete and dependent on another and which aspires without limit to ever greater and better things.

The destruction of the foundations necessarily brings down the whole edifice.

Our Critical Review

“Meditations on First Philosophy” is far from an easy read. It is a classic that will make you question everything you know, but in order to understand it, you will have to consult the Internet and more books.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

The Power of Starting Something Stupid Summary

The Power of Starting Something Stupid SummaryHow to Crush Fear, Make Dreams Happen, and Live Without Regret

Sometimes the sense of fear can overwhelm us, but not even that can be an alibi for not taking action.

You no longer need to bite your fingernails, stay with us and learn how to make your knowledge count.

We summarize the fundamental details of Norton’s vision which explain the path to success.

Who Should Read “The Power of Starting Something Stupid”? And Why?

Honestly, not many people dare to follow their dreams.

Even though it sounds a bit cliché, it is an unavoidable reality we all live in.

The Power of Starting Something Stupid” is a book that breaks all the chains and prompts a new attitude that will help you to trust in your “stupidity.”

We recommend it to all people, due to its broad use.

About Richie Norton

Richie NortonRichie Norton is renowned for his ability to conduct comprehensive research in the realm of entrepreneurship and find the gaps that are causing trouble.

He is the owner of a blog called Start Staff, and the author of the bestseller Resumes are Dead and What To Do About It.

“The Power of Starting Something Stupid Summary”

Are you one of those who abandoned its idea because of other people’s opinions? Don’t let your dream disappear and your hopes vanish due to lack of self-esteem.

A “stupid” plan or incentive can make you wealthy, so allowing others to affect your decision-making is something you wouldn’t want to embrace.    

When you become an old man/woman, how would you turn back and see that you discarded the thing that could have been the start of something big? You could have been the star of the night!

Let’s create a situation: you’ve got your Eureka Moment, and out of sheer curiosity and passion, you share it with your friends, only to find out that they are not really supportive.

Comments such as “it’s stupid,” “no one needs that” “don’t fool around” derive from disappointing life, and they are subtly sucking you in!

What’s even more surprising – the wealthiest people launched their “stupid” idea, despite all the warnings, and made a fortune.

This seemingly silly concept brought many innovations to the top of worldly influence and domination – so, think twice before you give up on your “craziness.”

Find that courage to follow your intuition and rely on your instincts. Out of those who do graduate with flying colors, only a small percentage is aware that good grades are not the embodiment of success.

As much as we want to be labeled as successful, you cannot sidestep any stage.

You’ll need strong determination in order to take the hits placed down the road leading to ultimate prosperity.

Sadly, we always find an excuse to justify our incompetence and lack of conviction in the vision. What’s even more misleading is people’s idea of a perfect life.

So, the idea of firstly becoming rich and then enjoying life with all its pleasures is not a very convenient strategy for the wise ones.

Imagine yourself living in a small house, 50 years from now, and recalling all those things you could have done differently. Is there anything more painful than that?

The pain of regret is far greater than the one triggered by failure.  

You don’t need us reminding you of the bridge an “unknown” person named Jeff Bezos had to cross to indulge in success.

As he explains, a simple mantra allowed him to understand the big picture and leave the Wall Street job in order to embark on a new adventure.

Don’t be afraid to question the inventiveness of others and go beyond the borderline! Investigate your ideas daily, find a way to improve your service and hope for a masterpiece to kick in!!

How to cross the self-imposed restrictions? Successful innovation can be best described as a process that broke the boundaries of an old standard.

This novelty is continuously challenged by brand-new “stupid” ideas, which by all means, stimulate economic expansion.

One can never be too sure of its possibilities, and the risk of failure is an unpleasant but a realistic scenario. How to avoid it?

Have you heard that attack is the best form of defense? Courage and eagerness to crush all signs of failure should be your first step!

How to be all “Tom Cruise”?

From very young age, we’ve developed a habit of procrastinating, and most people are not capable of finally putting an end to that! So, what can be done?

  • First and foremost, if you are stuck in a busy trap don’t try to find more free time by sleeping less or do something in-between other commitments. Simply, cancel everything that is irrelevant.
  • Secondly, don’t make it harder on yourself, just cut off all those meaningless tasks that are producing little or no results at all.

So, should you ask for professional assistance or go on your own from start to finish? – Don’t forget that people with the necessary expertise can make things a lot easier.

Once the safety net is torn apart, there’s not much that can be done at that point.

Therefore, build a network or base of individuals who possess the know-how and are passionate about your intentions.

Give them the freedom to express themselves, and they’ll repay with sweat and ingenuity to an unmeasurable extent.

The bottom line is, one must stop finding excuses and start chasing its dreams with no intention of stopping.

Key Lessons from “The Power of Starting Something Stupid

1.      Trust in your co-workers, make them feel valuable
2.      Find support and professional help
3.      Discover your real fears and incentives

Trust in your co-workers, make them feel valuable

Throughout history and even today people were driven by an idea, and if that vision applies to their mindset, they will undoubtedly be on their best behavior and act correctly.

The power of trust can trigger a new set of productivity that can ever surpass the defined expectations.

Find support and professional help

One way to do it is by approaching a person who can provide guidance in times of crisis.

How to do it? – You want to borrow some money to invest in your business, but you lack the funds, and you need to find a group of investors.

Find the one who has already been in a similar position and ask for directions.

Discover your real fears and incentives

Set a reminder to tell you what is hiding behind your actions.

Don’t forget to meditate, keep your mind calm and sharp so that new energy can burst in and fill the air with hope.

Control your fears by conducting an in-depth preparation for what is to come.

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“The Power of Starting Something Stupid” Quotes

Opportunities will come and go, but if you do nothing about them, so will you. Click To Tweet Your life should consist of more than commuting, working, eating, surfing the Internet, sleeping and watching TV. Your life should be filled with purpose-driven experiences and projects that bring excitement, passion, energy, and… Click To Tweet To crush fear doesn't mean you eliminate it; crushing fear means you literally crush it down into smaller, more manageable parts and tackle one piece at a time. Click To Tweet It all starts with a tiny, stupid idea, then one thing leads to another, and suddenly, you find something amazing: yourself. Click To Tweet Don't allow life to pass you by because you are afraid of looking stupid. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

We want to remain impartial, and we’ll continue to follow the same practice.

This book has made us believe in ourselves and showed us that every journey starts with a stupid idea.

It may sound silly, but that’s how it is. We encourage to apply Norton’s tips and enjoy life without regret.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

The Botany of Desire Summary | PDF Version |

The Botany of Desire PDFA Plant’s-Eye View of the World

We walk around trees and plants, or we line our windows with potted flowers not giving much thought about their past and our role in their survival.

In today’s summary of “The Botany of Desire,” we will change that and show you the real power of plants.

Who Should Read “The Botany of Desire” and Why?

Even in school, you have probably been taught about the ways insects spread pollen enabling plants to reproduce.

However, what they did not teach you is the role people have and how they help plants.

“The Botany of Desire” tackles the history of plants and how they have used their “powers” to appeal to basic human desires and reproduce and spread all around the world.

We recommend it to all readers interested in biology, those that use substances such as marijuana and want to understand the biological root of its power, and other people that believe that plants are just things that they can use as they like.

About Michael Pollan

Michael PollanMichael Pollan is an author who teaches journalism at the UC Berkeley. He is the author of the bestselling and critically acclaimed “The Omnivore’s Dilemma” as well.

“The Botany of Desire PDF Summary”

Whenever we think of ourselves as humans, we think of ourselves as subjects or the ones that can influence everything. We believe that the world exists to serve us and our purposes, along with all other creatures like plants and animals.

However, is that the case?

Isn’t it possible that plants are the subjects that make us act in ways they want us to?

You must think we are talking nonsense, but just think about it:

Insects go to plants to use their nectar for food. However, in this relationship, the flower is the one in charge, using its smell to attract the insect and make it spread its seed.

Isn’t it the same for humans as well?

Plans appeal to our basic needs: the need for food, so we are the ones who need them to satisfy our hunger.

Plants can influence humans using four tactics: beauty, sweetness, intoxication, and control, which all appear to the four basic needs of humans.

Plants needed to develop such abilities because they are immobile, and are not able to reproduce themselves.

For example, apples appeal to humans with their taste and flavor. But it is normal, you say, since people need food, and they can eat apples.

However, flowers are not delicious, and people do not crave them, so what could make them so special?

Well, humans love beautiful things. And flowers are extremely beautiful.

Interestingly, humans considering flowers as beautiful is so natural, that scientists consider people indifferent to flowers as clinically depressed.

There were even times when humans went crazy over the appeal of flowers.

In the 17th century, the tulip bubble, otherwise known as tulipmania almost destroyed the economy in Holland. During that time a mere bulb of Semper Augustus tulip was priced the same as the most expensive house in Amsterdam.

So, even history shows that human’s desire for beauty is strong, and sometimes even goes beyond reason.

And yet, there are even more desires that humans have, which plants can appeal to.

Let’s think about the forbidden “fruit” for a while.

Even nowadays we have a forbidden plant like that: marijuana.

Yet, so many people continue using it and being drawn by it.


Well, it is all part of who we are as human.

Even little kids turn around in circles and enjoy getting dizzy.

This is because all people have an inner desire of reaching an altered state of consciousness.

Plants have the power to help people achieve such states.

Finally, there is the desire for control, which is satisfied by no other plant but the potato.

Yes, the potato!

It is not a boring staple food as you may consider it to be.

In fact, before the potato was introduced to humans, many people were starving, especially in northern Europe.

However, when the potato entered the households, people could satisfy their nutritional needs with just potatoes and milk.

After a while, people wished to control the potato by genetically modifying it.

Key Lessons from “The Botany of Desire”

1.      Plants Use Humans and Animals to Reproduce
2.      The Sweet Appeal of Plants
3.      The Human Need for Intoxication

Plants Use Humans and Animals to Reproduce

Plants cannot move, and yet they need to find a way to reproduce.

That is why they are using their powers like beauty and smell to appeal to animals and humans and use them to spread their seeds.

The Sweet Appeal of Plants

The apple is one of the fruits that have spread all across America because of its sweetness and taste.

Many other plants are using their taste and flavor to appeal to the basic human need – the need for food, and as a result, spread around and continue existing on the planet.

Apart from taste, there are also other needs people feel, like for example the desire for beauty, which plants can also satisfy.

The Human Need for Intoxication

People are wired to enjoy altered states of mind, and some plants, like cannabis, satisfy this desire. That is why even though some plants are considered as forbidden, continue to exist and to be consumed.

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“The Botany of Desire” Quotes

Design in nature is but a concatenation of accidents, culled by natural selection until the result is so beautiful or effective as to seem a miracle of purpose. Click To Tweet For it is only by forgetting that we ever really drop the thread of time and approach the experience of living in the present moment, so elusive in ordinary hours. Click To Tweet It has become much harder, in the past century, to tell where the garden leaves off and pure nature begins. Click To Tweet Memory is the enemy of wonder. Click To Tweet People who smoked cannabis were Other, and the cannabis they smoked threatened to let their Otherness loose in the land. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

“The Botany of Desire” will teach readers about the power of plants, and make them look beyond their notions that plants are just passive, helpless objects that humans can use as they like.

This book argues that plants are actually the ones that use their powers to appeal to people and animals and spread their seeds.

The only problem we found with this book is the title, which may be a bit misleading: readers may expect to read about the effect plants have on physical and sexual desires.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

The Longevity Project Summary

The Longevity Project SummarySurprising Discoveries for Health and Long Life from the Landmark Eight-Decade Study

Once again, we find ourselves stranded on an isolated island.

Yearnings to expand the knowledge of human life has brought us to this point, where one can analyze the entire existence of species.

In our brief summary, we discuss the factors that affect longevity and what you can do about it.

Who Should Read “The Longevity Project”? And Why?

The person’s lifespan depends on various factors that include both influences deriving from external and internal sources.

If you are eager to “prolong” the end of this journey, you must take countermeasures.

The Longevity Project” is a practical and insightful book, which focuses on superior knowledge with an intention to decode the message in the bottle.

We recommended it to all people, no classification is necessary.

About Howard S. Friedman & Leslie R. Martin

Howard S. FriedmanHoward S. Friedman is an award-winning psychology professor at the University of California.

He is the author of several books including “The Personality Reader,” and “The Self-Healing Personality.”

Leslie R. MartinLeslie R. Martin is a colleague of Howard and teaches at La Sierra University in California.

She is passionate about finding a way to improve social relationships and find the recipe for longer life.

“The Longevity Project Summary”

Being organized is a good way to earning the nickname “Geek” or something similar.

But fear no more, research has shown that these children tend to be an adjunct of conscientious; an asset that adds to longevity and happiness on a larger scale.

Take notes and push forward.

In other words, a great way to indulge in happy childhood and later stages of life is to apply carefulness.

The power of such attitude derives from conscientious behavior, which leads to forming a defensive mechanism construed of positive vibes and sincerity.

Dr. Terman realized the significance of observation. As a matter of fact, the only way to make this analysis work was to take into account all patterns.

Evaluating the impact of these concepts must be supported by two analyzes, one at the beginning, and the second one 20-30 years later – during the adulthood age.

By all means, one cannot stop from mentioning, that conscientious people have hard feelings about risk, an attitude that grants them the privilege of living a healthy life.

They are less prone to be addicted to drugs, alcohol, or to get into trouble.

We don’t end here; biology plays its role when it comes to synchronizing the components of the brain, and the ones of the emotional intelligence.

Taking the matters to another level rests in the hands of those who understand that laughter and playfulness are essential for achieving longevity.

It may seem too optimistic, but a cheerful behavior can easily subdue any type of cold, and help you feel better.

Is this a long-term prescription, or merely a placebo effect?

As it was expected, children that were not exposed to stress and violence during the childhood period had better chances of living longer and being happier.

Same cannot be said about those who encounter struggle on a daily basis.

The abundance of information makes us cling to one particular theory, that is often misleading.

For instance, laughter as a phenomenon cannot be placed in the same category with happiness.

Finding a beacon of hope is not enough, and many other participants of the study felt the same way.

As it turns out, a healthy lifestyle is the only route one should take. Having the full package includes being wise, happy, and healthy despite the influence of external factors.

We bet you are already familiar with the growing divorce-rate throughout the world.

Scientists have proven that longevity is mostly affected by unhealthy relationships and represents a strong ground for turning towards drinking and immorality.

In college, Donna began smoking, and even though she managed to build a successful career, Donna wasn’t able to create harmony in the home.

Her marriage also resulted in divorce (same as her mother), and not even prosperity, regarding the professional endeavors, saved the situation.

Donna’s example should serve as a lesson to you, and to those who believe that children exposed to the painful process of divorce, will continue to penetrate life in all its spheres without any scars left from the painful past.

After comprehensive research, it was discovered that failed marriages have a greater effect on man’s life longevity than on women.

Such disturbance triggers instability in both physical and mental perspective, leading to health problems and frustration.

Not even one list can go without the effects of religion or belief in something. The philosophy about life is critical for maintaining happiness in the long run.

According to experts, these ideas are not entirely accurate, and the aftermath of such claims is yet to be discovered.  

From what we have seen so far, the formula for ensuring the quality of life varies on a case-to-case basis.

However, one thing we can say for sure: Having too many friends, is not the same as having a few that react to your cry for help.

Longevity = Happiness + Social Acceptance + Happy Marriage + Health + Belief

Key Lessons from “The Longevity Project

1.      Failed relationships are a real issue
2.      The power of religion
3.      Understand happiness, and absorb its features

Failed relationships are a real issue

In reality, married men tend to outlive those who are single or got divorced. As far as the women are concerned, their longevity is affected by the quality of marriage.

Such revelation indicates that divorced women have no disadvantages when it comes to the lifespan.

The power of religion

The conducted study revealed that the side-effects of a “prayer” had no significant impact on one’s life, nor the quality of it.

It doesn’t influence health and longevity, because the last touch belongs to the person and its individuality.

Religion is here to keep high spirits and motivate its subordinates.

Understand happiness, and absorb its features

It’s not a rocket-science to be aware of the fact that happiness has no existence of itself. It’s often the byproduct of successfulness in other fields.

Good social life, successful career, healthy marriage, loving wife/husband all contribute or hinder the progress of one human being in efforts to find bliss.

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“The Longevity Project” Quotes

The late comedian and actress Lucille Ball had her own secret to staying young: live honestly, eat slowly, and lie about your age. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

We cannot reveal all the secrets that will eliminate your urge to read the book.

We leave you on the verge of restlessness, which will hopefully reduce the stigma attached to meaningless concepts.

In our opinion, this book will remain embedded into the very core of human existence.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF: