All About Kindle: What you need to know before buying one (+ hacks)

KindleCan you imagine carrying a suitcase full of books when you travel? We don’t think so. So, we want you to know everything about Kindle so you are more practical at these times.

As much as physical books have not completely disappeared, reading has become much more practical after the emergence of e-readers. Amazon’s Kindle is still the best known of all. Launched in 2007, the device has become indispensable for avid readers. With several versions available in the market, it can be a bit difficult to choose without first making some research.

For this matter, we make it easy for you and we prepare this complete guide with everything you need to know before you buy a Kindle!

Why side with Kindle?

In the era of tablet popularization, having an e-reader seems unnecessary. In fact, everything depends on your needs and goal. Tablets are functional for various actions, including for readings, but the Kindle ends up taking advantages over in other characteristics.

  • For those who enjoy spending hours reading, the battery of the Kindle is much longer. It can last for more than a month. You will not have problems, for example, in that longer flight you need to stop reading because the battery of the device died;
  • Everything on the Kindle is fit for reading, from the size and weight to one of the main features: the internal light;
  • Screen illumination. The illumination and colors of an e-reader are made for reading and are usually kinder to the eyes, avoiding the eye fatigue in longer uses. If you want to read in the open and very bright with a tablet is almost impossible.

You’ll find many other functions of the Kindle. See the tips of this video:

Now that you’ve discovered a little more of what is a Kindle, we want to present the models that are available in the market.

What is the best Kindle? Know the Kindle models

Amazon now offers 4 different Kindle models. At this time we want you to know everything about Kindle, knowing each one of them is essential. The reading power, durability, and functions differ slightly from one another.

Prices range from $ 299.00 to $ 1,149.00 and in addition to being available on Amazon’s website, the Kindle can be purchased at other major stores such as Ponto Frio and Walmart.

Screen size, storage capacity, and Wifi access are features present in all four models. Some other features change and we want to highlight them below.

Kindle – R$299

Amazon’s simpler model is no disappointing. Among the main characteristics, we’ve highlighted:

  • The device does not have a screen illumination, looking like real paper;
  • The battery of this model is one of the most durable;
  • The screen is touch sensitive;
  • It weighs only 161g.

Kindle Paperwhite R$ 479

Paperwhite hacks:

  • Paperwhite has a unique function free 3G;
  • It’s the heaviest model, with 217g in the 3G version;
  • The internal light has 4 LEDs;
  • The device has dimensions of 169 x 117 x 9.1 mm;
  • It has the differential that is the resolution of 300 ppi, against 167 of the New Kindle.

Kindle modelsKindle Voyage R$899

The Voyage version also comes with exclusive features:

  • It has more LEDs than Paperwhite – there are 6 light sources;
  • It is equipped with automatic lighting, which changes according to the environment;
  • To flip pages, it has the technology PagePress – just press the edge of the device to change.

Novo Kindle Oasis – R$1.149

The most expensive model of the four, the Kindle Oasis also has the most powerful battery plus other features:

  • The internal illumination is performed by 10 LED;
  • Has buttons to make it easier to change pages;
  • Its weight is 20% lower than the Voyage, with 131g;

Now that you’ve heard everything about Kindle, you need to consider, beyond the price range, what your needs really are. Don’t have access to WiFi networks often and will need the 3G connectivity function? Buy a Paperwhite. Want the lightest model possible? Choose Oasis.

For anyone you choose, be sure to buy a cover to protect your purchase. Only the Kindle Oasis already comes with one, but it is possible to purchase Kindle covers from the Amazon store.

Increase battery life

With a Kindle, you won’t need to keep the device plugged in or recharging constantly. As we mentioned before, the battery life of the device can be up to one month, depending on your reading frequency.

If you, for example, read 30 minutes a day, with the brightness at level 10 – for those devices with a bright screen – and with the internet turned off, the duration can reach 8 weeks.

Background lighting is not available on your Kindle. Newer versions of the other models have brought the lighting at the top of the screen, instead of being behind, which further avoids eye fatigue.

Supported formats and how to convert files

When you buy an e-book from the Amazon store, it already comes perfectly formatted for the Kindle. Within the site itself, you can send directly to the Kindle, without the need to connect the USB cable.

For those who already have books in other formats and want to view them in the e-reader, Kindle supports files of type .mobi, .prc, .txt, and .tpz. If your texts are in .epub or .pdf format, for example, you need to convert them.

The best program currently to do this is Caliber. In addition to the conversions, it is an e-book manager that works with almost all formats and for all available e-readers.

The program even offers a cloud library that you can access from anywhere, plus the ability to download articles from the web and turn them into an e-book.

Other ways to transfer files

In addition to buying Kindle eBooks in the Amazon store and transfer them with Caliber, you can download the texts to your Kindle with the USB cable or directly from the Amazon library.

But something that not everyone knows is that when your registration on Amazon is created an email from your Kindle. You can send files to this email and they are added to the library automatically. To find out which one is yours, click here.

The email also allows download from other platforms. 12Minutos has a library of microbooks that can also be read from your Kindle.

Free Library and Kindle Unlimited

Amazon still offers an affiliate club, Kindle Unlimited, where you pay only $ 20 a month and have access to a variety of titles, including free ones. In addition to this club, the site already has a free e-book collection for you to start putting together your Kindle library.

If you haven’t already checked out the free Amazon store listing, take a look there and you’re sure to find some amazing works. Works such as The Crowdfunding Bible by Scott Steinberg and How to Work for Yourself by Brian Cohen, all these can be read without paying anything.

There you also find works on the best-selling list at very low prices. For example The Daily Entrepreneur, S. J. Scott, for only R$ 1.99 and Master Focus, I. C. Robledo, for R$ 5.99.

Bonuses: Kindle hacks

Comics and manga

One of the advantages of Kindle is being able to view image files, such as manga and comics. Who is a fan should know that the Kindle is almost the same size of physical issues and its color also favors the artwork?

You can still optimize the experience with a program called Mangle. It formats the manga and comic files, in which you have to name each image to organize on the Kindle.

Custom screen saver

To customize your screen saver, you will have to unlock your Kindle. Some websites offer instructions for this, such as EbookBR. After doing this, you can select the screen saver you want. If you want to choose one, we suggest the Kindle Blog Wallpaper.

Kindle easter eggs

Do you think you’ve found out everything about Kindle? This tip just a few knows.

If you are reading a very dense book and need to relax a bit, the Kindle has some hidden games. In the main screen, press ALT+SHIFT+M and after opening the first game press G to load the other.

Read articles from the internet on Kindle, there are lots of amazing Kindle books

Caliber offers this option, as we talked about before, but the Kindle itself also has a function to read articles from the internet.

Go to Menu -> Experimental -> Web browser and place the link to the article you want to upload.

Reading will probably be better than reading on your phone, with images disrupting page loading.

All About Kindle

So, what did you think about everything you just learned about Kindle? Do you know how to buy Kindle? Any questions? Leave your comment!

And now, how about checking out a guide on how to find good books to read?    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

A More Beautiful Question PDF Summary

A More Beautiful Question PDFThe Power of Inquiry to Spark Breakthrough Ideas

Why do teachers award children points for giving them the right answer, and not for posing a good question?

What if the point of it all is to ask a more beautiful question?

How should you do that?

Well, let’s just ask Warren Berger.

Who Should Read “A More Beautiful Question”? And Why?

Contrary to what we’ve been taught at school, the learning process is less about memorizing answers and much more about asking questions.

Warren Berger’s book is interested in finding the best ones.

Consequently, it should be an essential read for anyone who wants to become an innovative thinker, since, after all, innovation stems from asking the right questions.

And since innovation is what drives all aspects of society, dear company leaders and entrepreneurs, even dearer scientists and artists – to quote Seth Godin – “what’s keeping you from reading this book right now?”

On a side note: dearest teachers, take copious notes!

Warren BergerAbout Warren Berger

Warren Berger is an American journalist and a bestselling author, who mainly writes about topics such as creativity and innovation.

Berger has written for a wide variety of publications, among others, the “Harvard Business Review” and “Fast Company.” He was also a longtime contributor at both “The New York Times” and the “Wired” magazine.

He has authored and co-authored 11 books, one of which was the critically acclaimed “Glimmer” which “Business Week” named one of the “Best Innovation & Design Books of 2009.”

A More Beautiful Question” was published in 2014, and recently it was announced that, by the end of the year, it should be joined by a companion piece, “The Book of Beautiful Questions.

Find out more at

“A More Beautiful Question PDF Summary”

Computers are useless,” said Picasso about half a century ago. “They only give you answers.

The point is – says Warren Berger, borrowing a line from the American poet E. E. Cummings – to find “a more beautiful question.”

That’s what people such as Albert Einstein and Steve Jobs did throughout it certainly did whole humanity a favor:

The author Stuart Firestein, in his fine book ‘Ignorance: How It Drives Science,’ argues that one of the keys to scientific discovery is the willingness of scientists to embrace ignorance – and to use questions as a means of navigating through it to new discoveries.

‘One good question can give rise to several layers of answers, can inspire decades-long searches for solutions, can generate whole new fields of inquiry, and can prompt changes in entrenched thinking,’ Firestein writes. ‘Answers, on the other hand, often end the process.’

So, in a nutshell, humanity profits more from a beautiful question than from a beautiful answer.

Then, why are we living in a world of answers?

In other words, why do the inquiring children in us grow to become the adults afraid of admitting that they don’t know the answer to some question?

You’ve guessed it already:

It’s our schools’ fault!

Preschool children, on average, ask their parents about 100 questions a day,” states Professor Kyung-Hee Kim, “By middle school, they’ve pretty much stopped asking.

And it’s not like they’ve learned all the answers in the meantime!

They’ve just memorized the answers to the questions their bosses want them to know.

In other words, schools were never meant to be outlets of creativity, but merely preparatory courses for a worker’s career.

And even though Google and Wikipedia have rendered memorizing answers practically useless, children are still awarded at our schools for knowing the correct answer to a specific question.

News flash: that’s only a mouse click away!

What’s not – is the beautiful question!

And according to Warren Berger – and a series of interviews with over 100 creative thinkers in science, technology, business, and entertainment – there are three kinds of beautiful questions: why, what-if, and how queries.

Key Lessons from “A More Beautiful Question”

1.      The Naivety of a Child: Behind the Zen of a “Why?” and a “Why Not?”
2.      Dream Your Way Out of a Problem: Ask Yourself “What If?”
3.      Acquire the Perseverance of the Realist: Experiment Through the “How?”

#1. The Naivety of a Child: Behind the Zen of a “Why?” and a “Why Not?”

I know one thing,” claimed Socrates. “And that is – that I know nothing.

Well, contrary to what they’ve taught you at school, it turns out that this is a great way to think about the world – naïvely, with a fresh mind.

Take, for example, Edwin Land, the guy who co-founded the Polaroid Corporation, widely considered the Steve Jobs before Jobs.

On a family vacation in the 1940s, his three-year-old daughter asked him why she couldn’t see the photo just taken by her father.

Edwin Land knew why: the only way you could develop the film was in a dark room. But he also knew that there was another bigger why in his daughter’s question.

And that was the one which – many years later – led to the invention of the Polaroid camera.

The actual Steve Jobs – the Edwin Land after Land – firmly believed in the power of this why-oriented beginner’s mind.

And he was influenced to do so by a 1970 Zen Buddhism classic written by Shunryu Suzuki, “Zen Mind, Beginner’s Mind.”

The mind of the beginner is empty, free of the habits of the expert,” writes Suzuki in the book. Such a mind, he adds, is “open to all possibilities” and can see things as they are.

Knowledge imposes limitations, and that kinda helps when dealing with mechanical tasks.

Want to get creative?

Step back from it by asking why.

And you can even add a great twist: why not?

#2. Dream Your Way Out of a Problem: Ask Yourself “What If?”

Once you’re done with the whys and why nots, it’s time for some dreaming.

In other words, it’s time to ask yourself the what ifs.

Discovery depends on questions such as these.

Because a “what if” question gives you the right mental foundation for a few processes which are essential when it comes to creativity, invention, and imagination: mixing, connecting, and recombining ideas.

We mentioned Einstein and Jobs before.

Do you think that their grand ideas came to them out of the blue?

Of course not!

They just recombined some old ideas in a new way, once they had the step-back luxury of a “why” or a “why not.”

Einstein’s revelation came when he asked himself a fairly childlike question: “What if you could travel on a motorcycle at the speed of light?”

#3. Acquire the Perseverance of the Realist: Experiment Through the “How?”

Of course, once you’ve dealt with the whys and the what ifs – and moved from freshness of naivety to the endlessness of dreaming, it’s time that you transform your knowledge into something much more tangible.

In other words, it’s time for the how.

Of course, this third stage of the “actionable inquiry” process is the most difficult one, since it requires time, knowledge, experimentation, and a lot of endurance.

But, persevere long enough – and the sky is your limit.

Like this summary? We’d like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.

“A More Beautiful Question Quotes”

Don’t just teach your children to read. Teach them to question what they read. Teach them to question everything. Click To Tweet

The main premise of appreciative inquiry is that positive questions, focusing on strengths and assets, tend to yield more effective results than negative questions focusing on problems or deficits. Click To Tweet

Climb the mountain not to plant your flag, but to embrace the challenge, enjoy the air, and behold the view. Climb it so you can see the world, not so the world can see you. Click To Tweet

I’ve always been very concerned with democracy. If you can’t imagine you could be wrong, what’s the point of democracy? And if you can’t imagine how or why others think differently, then how could you tolerate democracy? Click To Tweet

What if our schools could train students to be better lifelong learners and better adapters to change, by enabling them to be better questioners? Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

The best way to get the answers you need is to ask the questions you want to have answered.

And asking the right questions – as Warren Berger demonstrates in this book – is an art, and one of the highest order.

Thought-provoking and practical, rife with real-world examples and inspiring anecdotes, “A More Beautiful Question” is a fascinating book.

Possibly even of the kind that may make you question your present and inspire you to start working toward a better future.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

The Culture Map PDF Summary

The Culture Map PDFBreaking Through the Invisible Boundaries of Global Business: How People Think, Lead, and Get Things Done

Some time ago, business went global.

Culture, however, didn’t.

Erin Meyer’ “The Culture Map” is your guide to effortlessly transcend the cultural barriers and acquire the much-needed skills to “decode cultures foreign to your own.”

Who Should Read “The Culture Map”? And Why?

It’s only common knowledge that cultures significantly differ from each other and what’s complimentary or conventional in one may be rude and eccentric in another.

If you are a business executive, failing to address this issue may cost you deals worth millions of dollars.

However, even though “The Culture Map” is explicitly written for leaders of international teams who want to rise above cultural clashes in the workplace, Erin Meyer’s exceptional book may help anyone who wants to improve his or her communications skills as well.

Erin MeyerAbout Erin Meyer

Erin Meyer is a Minnesota-born American author and a professor of Cross-Cultural Management at INSEAD in Paris, where she currently lives with her husband and two sons.

She developed her interest in cultural differences while volunteering for Peace Corps in Botswana. Before moving to Paris, Meyer also worked at McKesson, HBOC, and Aperian Global.

In 2013 “Business Inc.” selected her as one of the ten best business school professors worldwide. “The Culture Map” – her only book so far – was published the following year and was met with wide critical acclaim.

In 2017, Meyer was selected as one of the most influential thinkers worldwide by both “Thinkers50” and “HR Magazine.”

“The Culture Map PDF Summary”

At the heart of Erin Meyer’s exceptional book, “The Culture Map,” is an “eight-scale model” which should help managers and leaders of culturally diverse teams improve their effectiveness by offering them a platform to analyze the positioning of one culture relative to another and, thus, correctly decode the meaning of some actions and gestures.

The eight scales in question – and the two extremes between which Erin Meyer scatters many of the world’s countries – are the following:

  • Communicating: low-context vs. high-context
    Evaluating: direct negative feedback vs. indirect negative feedback
    Persuading: principles-first vs. applications-first
    Leading: egalitarian vs. hierarchical
    Deciding: consensual vs. top-down
    Trusting: task-based vs. relationship-based
    Disagreeing: confrontational vs. avoids confrontation
    Scheduling: linear-time vs. flexible-time

Meyer dedicates a chapter to each of these eight areas.

And so should we a key lesson – each one borrowing the title of the relevant chapter!

Key Lessons from “The Culture Map”

1.Listening to the Air: Communicating Across Cultures
2. The Many Faces of Polite: Evaluating Performance and Providing Negative Feedback
3. Why Versus How: The Art of Persuasion in a Multicultural World
4. How Much Respect Do You Want? Leadership, Hierarchy, and Power
5. Big D or Little d: Who Decides, and How?
6. The Head or the Heart: Two Types of Trust and How They Grow
7. The Needle, Not the Knife: Disagreeing Productively
8. How Late Is Late? Scheduling and Cross-Cultural Perceptions of Time

Listening to the Air: Communicating Across Cultures

Communication is a complex thing.

Just listen to a British comedian comparing American and British movies, or an American comparing the humor of both countries.

According to Erin Meyer, the reason why Americans have trouble understanding British humor and the British consider American humor all but stupid is fairly simple.

Namely, the US is a low-context country (in fact, the lowest one), and the UK is a middle-context nation. In other words, Americans say everything they mean, and the British leave some of it to the context.

Japan is on the other side of the spectrum: it’s the highest-context country, closely followed by other East Asian nations, such as Korea, China, and Indonesia.

In their cases, most of the communication is implicit.

The Many Faces of Polite: Evaluating Performance and Providing Negative Feedback

If you’ve happened upon the Anglo-Dutch translation guide so far, you probably know that what the Dutch hear when the British say “That is an original point of view” is “They like my idea!” even though what the British actually mean is “Your idea is stupid!”

This is because different nations evaluate differently – anywhere from giving direct to indirect negative feedback.

Interestingly enough, the evaluation scale doesn’t coincide with the communication scale, i.e., some nations (such as Israel) may be high-context (implicit) nations but still give direct negative feedback – in fact, “the directest.”

You’ll get direct negative feedback in Russia and Germany too, but the Americans, just like the British, will sugarcoat it.

There’s a high chance you won’t even know what kind of a feedback you’ve gotten from a Japanese executive since Japan is not only the highest-context country but also the least direct one in giving negative feedback.

Why Versus How: The Art of Persuasion in a Multicultural World

Persuasion is an art – but what kind of art depends on the country you’re in.

In fact, Erin Meyer says that there’s so much difference between Asian countries and European-influenced cultures, that “an entirely different frame of reference, unrelated to the Persuading scale, comes into play” when we’re talking about Asia.

In a nutshell, Asian countries are more holistic and want to know how things connect with the environment (the big picture), while Western countries are more specific and react better to detailed instructions.

Within the latter, old countries such as Italy and France are why-oriented (principles-first), and the newest countries (US, Canada, Australia) are more concerned with the how’s (application-first).

(And Simon Sinek is interested in both!)

How Much Respect Do You Want? Leadership, Hierarchy, and Power

While analyzing 100,000 management surveys at IBM in the 1970s, Geert Hofstede, the most famous cross-cultural researcher in history, developed the concept of “power distance,” i.e.,

the extent to which the less powerful members of organizations accept and expect that power is distributed unequally.

However, ask a Scandinavian what “a power distance” is, and he’ll probably laugh the subject right off the table: for the Danish, the Norwegian, and the Swedish “the best boss is a facilitator among equals” and “organizational structures are flat.”

Unlike the egalitarian North, the East is strictly hierarchical: in Japan, it will be a mindless act to disagree with your superior.

Big D or Little d: Who Decides, and How?

Expectedly, egalitarian cultures usually make important decisions consensually and respect the opinion of every member in the group; however, so do the hierarchical Japanese, who actually rank highest at one end of the deciding spectrum, since their directorial boards are flat structures.

Their nearest neighbors, China, is on the other end of the spectrum, just second to Nigeria in terms of top-down deciding.

There – as well as in India and Russia – decisions are made by individuals, and the others simply follow.

The Head or the Heart: Two Types of Trust and How They Grow

There are two types of trust: cognitive and affective.

Cognitive trust stems from knowledge: you know that someone is capable of doing a job based on his previous record. Affective trust has a lot more to do with the future: you expect someone to do a good job, merely because you’re close to him and her and you believe that, for personal reasons, he/she will not disappoint you.

Cognitive trust is task-based, and if you are an American, you know what it means: business is business. Affective trust is relationship-based and is shared through meals and drinks over the long term in Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, India, and China.

The Needle, Not the Knife: Disagreeing Productively

The art of disagreement may be dying – or, who knows, it may have just taken a different form!

Because, historically and traditionally, nations disagree differently.

In Israel and France – and to a lesser extent in Germany and Russia – you are expected to get confrontational, and this will not impact the relationship in any negative way.

However, you are better off avoiding confrontation altogether in East Asian countries, since it is harshly frowned upon.

How Late Is Late? Scheduling and Cross-Cultural Perceptions of Time

You can be on time if you live in Switzerland, Germany, and Japan – countries which respect the idea of linear time and believe in sequential steps, promptness and strict adherence to deadlines.  

However, that’s not the case with Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, Kenya, and India, where adaptability is much more important and time is flexible.

In other words, as strange as it may sound to you, if you are a German in Nigeria, your Nigerian friend isn’t wrong if he/she comes 32 minutes after the agreed time.

You are wrong to have expected him/her to come on time.

Like this summary? We’d like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.

“The Culture Map Quotes”

Unless we know how to… avoid easy-to-fall-into cultural traps, we are easy prey to misunderstanding, needless conflict, and ultimate failure. Click To Tweet

The vast majority of managers who conduct business internationally have little understanding about how culture is impacting their work. Click To Tweet

Just as fish don’t know they’re in water, people often find it difficult to see and recognize their own culture until they start comparing it with others. Click To Tweet

If you don’t know what your behaviors signify, you’ll have no control over the signals you send, and the results can be disastrous. Click To Tweet

When in doubt, the best strategy may be to simply let the other person lead. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

“The Culture Map” is a unique book – so it’s unsurprising that it was met with positive reviews from the public and professional reviewers alike.

In fact, according to “The Huffington Post,” “whether you’re a corporate or traditional diplomat, global traveler, government official, or passionate world citizen, this is the one book you should not miss.”

“Inc.” called it “superb,” and we share the magazine’s opinion. And that’s even though we are not leaders of an international team or CEOs of a multinational conglomerate.

But thanks to Meyer – now we can travel much more safely and relaxed!    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

The Soul of Money PDF Summary

The Soul of Money PDFReclaiming the Wealth of Our Inner Resources

Do you have what it takes, to transform your life, by changing your perspective?

As much as we hate to admit it, we are inclined to believe that “Sufficient” is a concept for the weak. When it comes to finances, there’s no such thing as “Enough.”

Sufficiency is precise. It means that things are sufficient, exactly enough.

Let’s find out more about our incentives and social stimulus to pursue wealthiness.

Who Should Read “The Soul of Money”? And Why?

This book is speaking to every person, whoever had a few dollars in its pocket. That means, we highly recommended to all people, especially to those who put faith in money, as the ultimate source for handling problems.

The Soul of Money” is perfectly aligned with modern concepts, which disregard moral values, and prioritize the material context.

About Lynne Twist

Lynne TwistLynne Twist is an author, activist and the co-founder of the Pachamama Alliance. The Hunger Project has raised over $150 million, to help the poor communities and bring about comfort and happiness.

“The Soul of Money PDF Summary”

Money is actually an exchange paper, without real value except the one assigned by the bank monetary systems. Finances were created or invented to help people more easily and effectively change their goods, for other commodities.

Achuar People use this “tool” to be in the saddle and control the flow in the community. Killing one another is a regular practice, and the battle for power or the struggle to influence others leads to suppression and hardship.

Defining money is not straightforward, and as a tool that has come out of the quantitative loop, and entered into a more qualitative frame, it penetrates all spheres of influence. This includes all spiritual matters that are not complementary to the process of acquiring wealth.

The same supremacy sucked the author Lynne Twist, and alongside her husband Bill, they too drew in the material side of things, until the Hunger Project emerged.

She didn’t feel such motivation and incentive since childhood, and she answered the cry of the poor by conveying a powerful message.

She decided to change her lifestyle from top to bottom, and thus remodel her priorities. The mindset of her closest ones also shifted and embraced her perspective, which advocates for placing the needs of others in the spotlight.

Money is a current, a carrier, a conduit for our intentions.

The right amount of caution supported by moral actions gave her the edge to encourage generosity, philanthropy, and compassion.

She was no longer driven by the fear of “not-having-enough,” and this scarcity problem evaporated in a flash. The truth is, the world has enough food to feed every soul, but out of selfishness, greed, and longing for more money, we close our eyes to this terrible reality.

Is it a cultural thing? – We kind of think of it as an integral element of the egoic consciousness, which is constantly worrying about its survival.

Take wolves, for instance; we have a habit of saying – I am hungry like a wolf. This means that we eat, even if our bellies are full because we don’t know what tomorrow brings.

This symbolic meaning, explains why people put their self-interest above everything else. The history has taught us, that you must snatch everything that is within your reach and neglect the needs of others. Is this necessary, do we really need to behave immorally? – Of course, not!  

Here’s what you should take into account to tackle this scarcity mindset, and diminish its influence over you:

  • There’s not enough for all people – Believe it or not, the waste of resources as a process, costs us dearly. We continue to build weapons of mass destruction while putting to the side the basic human necessities.
  • Strive for more – If you are not deprived of any basic need, you should not worry. More is not always better, and you don’t need any insurances to become an ethical and moral person. Stop accumulating wealth as if you are about to die of hunger.
  • The world sets the tone, not me – People are social creatures, and their urge to fit into the group can sometimes trigger the scarcity mindset. It’s utter nonsense to believe that there’s nothing that can be done.

If you are enthusiastic and psyched up to adjust your money-limit, then allocating money wouldn’t be a problem.

Make every effort to improve the well-being of others, and for once, put your comfort in the second place. In other words, tackle your second nature by questioning your habits.

Anyone who has decided to embark upon this beautiful journey is well-aware of the satisfaction that derives from spending money for a greater good. Donating, and assisting others will raise your moral as well because acting with such audacity showcases your inner peacefulness.

Striving for a combined approach, in a scarce environment, can straighten things out, and provide comfort to those who are struggling to make a living.

It comes as no surprise that, on the other side of the fence, partnership and collaboration, can instill a new behavior, and call attention to “sufficiency.” It’s okay to bring your individuality into full-view, but on the long-run, working together is what incites creativity, and inspiration.

You don’t have to be at the mercy of every trend; follow your native wit and stand up for yourself. The public doesn’t endorse such odd mentality, but unacceptance and isolation mustn’t fear you.

In reality, your inner beingness is kept on a leash by the community. Break those chains and run free. At the end of the day, it all comes down to – Are you setting an example for others to follow?

Key Lessons from “The Soul of Money”

1.      Cast doubt upon your beliefs
2.      Find a higher purpose
3.      Balance the scales

Cast doubt upon your beliefs

The creative skillset is often the biggest culprit for drifting over to the material side of the world.

Nonetheless, even the best talent crafted in the fire of endurance, and knowingness, cannot work its magic on you unless you give the go-ahead.  

Find a higher purpose

Individuals working or performing such services are giving positive vibes, which are filling the air with hope and compassion.

Philanthropy is more of a lifestyle than a concept, wallowing in the righteousness of such movement, generates joy and appreciation.

Balance the scales

No one is forcing you to give up on all your money. As it turns out, people are often repelled by purposeless actions, and investing can’t be counted among them.

In the same manner, you ought to find the perfect balance between giving and having.

Like this summary? We’d Like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.

“The Soul of Money Quotes”

The power of money is…derived from the intention we give it and the integrity with which we direct it into the world. Click To Tweet When you let your money move to the things you care about, your life lights up. That’s really what money is for. Click To Tweet Scarcity as a chronic sense of inadequacy about life becomes the very place from which we think and act and live. Click To Tweet There is a principle of sufficiency…When you let go of trying to get more of what you don’t really need, which is what we’re all trying to get more of, it frees up immense energy to make a difference with what you have. Click To Tweet The harder we try to get it, or even try to ignore it or rise above it, the tighter money’s grip on us grows. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

The bottom line is – let’s label money as the greatest source of evil and reject our role in this madness!

That would be ignorant of us, so before passing the blame on something/someone, you must doubt your intentions.

Such broader view will show you the real picture of what’s adding to poverty and conflicts.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

Managing Conflict PDF Summary

Managing Conflict PDFA Practical Guide to Resolution in the Workplace

Managing employees is a difficult job.

And sometimes even having a justified reason to dismiss an employee may not be enough since it’s still unfair if you don’t use the correct procedures.

The best way to avoid all that – preventive mediation.

David Liddle explains the benefits of this and many other similar strategies in his indispensable conflict resolution guide, “Managing Conflict.”

Who Should Read “Managing Conflict”? And Why?

As its title suggests, “Managing Conflict” is a must-read for HR officers and other executives who have similar jobs, whether it is managing people or establishing conflict resolution practices.

However, many other people can benefit from it, since, as they say, half of the solution to a problem is understanding it – and “Managing Conflict” offers a great shortcut to understanding why we tend to have so many unnecessary conflicts and what is the best way to transcend them.

David LiddleAbout David Liddle

David Liddle is one of the leading conflict mediators in the United Kingdom, with a twenty-year-long experience in the field.

In 1994, he established one of the first community mediation schemes in the UK, Leicestershire Mediation Service, a scheme he ran for the next eight years when he established CRISP, the Conflict Resolution in Schools Programme.

In 2001, David established the Total Conflict Management Group (TCM group), which has, ever since, been the UK’s leading consulting company for mediation, conflict management, and leadership development.

See more at

“Managing Conflict PDF Summary”

According to the Centre for Effective Dispute Resolution (CEDR) companies in the United Kingdom spend over $44.5 billion annually to battle conflict costs.

Now, that’s a lot!

And that doesn’t even include all the immaterial damages – like, for example, reputation – which can theoretically hurt a company much more in the long run.

The simple premise of David Liddle’s book “Managing Conflict” is that this all can be avoided – or, at least, substantially alleviated – if companies put a little more emphasis on conflict management.

Unfortunately, they almost never do that.

So, they spend their pounds on cures, even though an ounce of prevention (a specific kind for a specific stage) may be all that they need:

The simplest, quickest and most effective way to prevent a harmful and costly conflict from escalating is to have a direct conversation with the other person as early as possible.

Now, most leaders are uncomfortable talking conflicts, and their idea of arbitration is basically just turning to any one of the conventional grievance strategies.

However, as most employees who have filed formal complaints have learned by now, they usually don’t work.

Most because they are outdated and are based in a dynamic of power which doesn’t lead to a resolution satisfactory for both sides, but to a temporary hushing and implicit assertiveness of control by the employer, which actually deepens the initial problem with the employee.

Some of the grievance strategies – such as early resolution, facilitated roundtable conversations, or resolution triage assessments – are actually okay, but companies don’t use them properly.

Mediation has always been – and still remains – the best strategy for tackling conflicts.

It’s integrative and just, as it allows both parties to tell their side of their story while giving the power to a more objective and neutral third side to assist them to settle their disagreements.

The best part of a mediation is the fact that it transforms conflicts into a breeding ground for progress, converting the dysfunctions of a team into a set of learning lessons for both managers and employees.

As Steven Covey demonstrated in his testamentary book, the third alternative shouldn’t be just an HR practice – it can be a way of life!

Job contracts don’t take into consideration the unpredictable work environment and the emotions, desires, beliefs, and motivation of an individual worker.

Conflicts stem from these incongruities.

Consequently, the resolution must try to overcome them, and the only way it can do that is by moving from generalizations to particularity, from the way companies work to the actual way individual people behave in the workplace and outside it.

Simply put, conflicts do not arise out of people reasoning properly; most conflicts are the result of wrong assumptions, which, by definition, makes them a grey area, where there is hardly ever a right or wrong side, but where there’s always some kind of a profound misunderstanding.

In fact, David Liddle says that:

In over 90% of the cases that I mediate, the parties realize that their perceptions, while valid, were incorrect; they had wrongly assumed malintent by the other.

And that’s what mediators usually do: they encourage the discussion until it reaches the point where both employees and employers understand that there’s another side to the same story and that it is wrong to attribute to malice that which can be adequately explained by some other cause; and this cause can be anything from fear and prejudice to lack of information and even incompetence.

Institutionalizing mediation may be the best thing a company can do since this act shows the employees dedication to conflict resolution which makes them feel a lot safer and more comfortable in their job positions.

Key Lessons from “Managing Conflict”

1.      The Six F’s of Management Theory
2.      The Five Stages of a Conflict’s Life Cycle
3.      Implement a Great Meditation Program in 10 Steps

The Six F’s of Management Theory

Curiously, most of management theory is built around the six F’s: fights, feelings, fear, failure, forgiveness, and flow.

If you want a functional company, you must learn to manage fights productively, which basically means understanding your employees’ feelings and fears.

It also means creating an environment, where their worst fears will be annulled, or, in other words, a place where failures are met with forgiveness and considered stepping stones to success.

All of this inspires a flow both in terms of work processes and dialogue, which are the prerequisites of a successful company.

The Five Stages of a Conflict’s Life Cycle

Almost every conflict in a company follows a similar pattern which involves five stages: pre-conflict, early conflict, mid-conflict, late conflict, and post-conflict.

Now, all of these stages ask for different approaches and, moreover, different strategies for resolution.

So, the most important thing when mediating a conflict is to first identify the stage in which it is.

Only then, you should move to finding an appropriate resolution, based on a pre-prepared strategy.

Implement a Great Meditation Program in 10 Steps

If you want to implement a meditation program in your company, try to follow these steps.

First – obviously – pick an expert; then, gather data and prepare the field for the introduction of mediation.

It’s necessary to build the program in close association with management, HR, and even unions. Only then you can develop a program which will suit everybody and move on to building a team of internal/external mediators.

Once you do that – it’s only obvious that you’ll need to select a mediation coordinator and train all parties in the use of mediation practices and tools.

Ensuring that everyone is up-to-date and spreading awareness of mediation within the organization shouldn’t be just marginal tasks.

Finally, monitor the impact of mediation and see where – and even if – you can improve.

Like this summary? We’d like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.

“Managing Conflict Quotes”

The world is less certain than it was, and our organizations are microcosms of this uncertain world. Conflict is at the heart of that uncertainty: both a cause and a symptom. Click To Tweet

Due to a lack of an intervention to address the issues at source, situations quickly escalate into a more serious conflict. Click To Tweet

Conflict is not logical; it is irrational. Conflict is not black and white; it is grey. Click To Tweet

Some managers’ lack of empathy, compassion, flexibility and self-awareness can come across as rudeness, hostility, abuse, prejudice and intimidation… classic signs of ‘bullying.’ Click To Tweet

The only way to address conflict is to find a shared meaning, a shared solution and a way forward – together. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

“Managing Conflicts” primarily deals with UK firms – after all, David Liddle is British – so there may be some case studies (from legal and similar perspectives) which are limited to his home country.

However, most of the book is, fortunately, not – and works a great manual, which includes tips, tricks, tools, charts, exercises – an even links to additional online materials.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

Walden PDF Summary – Henry David Thoreau

Walden PDFHave you been stranded on a remote island, or lost in the woods? Finding your way out can be pretty straightforward if you are in tune with nature.

It’s a pity that we fail to recognize the signs of robotization.

In this book summary, we return to the basics of human existence, digging down to the core of it.

Who Should Read “Walden”? And Why?

Walden is a book you wouldn’t want to miss. When we say it’s life-altering, we really mean it.

As such, it’s suitable for anyone and everyone – you don’t need to worry whether this book is right up your alley.

Henry David Thoreau Biography

Henry David ThoreauHenry David Thoreau was a renowned philosopher, essayist, tax resister, naturalist, and author. He spent years in trying to find the perfect formula of life – trying every trick in the book.

His most famous works are: Aulus Persius Flaccus (1840); The Service (1840); A Walk to Wachusett (1842); Paradise (to be) Regained (1843); The Landlord (1843); Sir Walter Raleigh (1844), etc.


Living the woods and escaping from the craziness of the modern lifestyle is not a straightforward decision.

Being afraid that one day you may die, not knowing life and understanding its impulses is a realistic outcome.

Henry refuses to be outmuscled by the social hypocrisy and embraces an unusual behavior. Clinging to the machinery that sucked you in, disallows you to inhale the true meaning of existence.

Living on the edge, while reaping the benefits of everyday activities is a process described in lowest terms possible.

Stop submitting to the cruelty that has been imposed on you by embarking on a new fruitful campaign that yields the best results.

Economy: In this first chapter, Henry gives some review that is concerning his project. His stay in a homelike plastered 10′ × 15 single cabin is lifting his spirits up.

This cozy shelter is located in the woods of Massachusetts surrounded by a nearby lake named Walden.

The four main principles of survival are well-met since Henry is not deprived of either, food, shelter, water, nor clothing. Although he is helped by Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Waldo Emerson most of the hard work is done by him.

Where I Lived, and What I Lived For: Thoreau recall all the places he had visited, before deciding to settle at Walden Pond. He is aided by a Roman Philosopher, who said that choosing a home or a farm, is the toughest decision one can make.

Taking precautions is critical before you fill in those forms and sign the papers as the new householder.

Reading: Henry David indulges in classic literature and books written by adventurists who traveled the world to finds its meaning.

He advocates for full-scale literacy project that is larger in scope than anything else ever seen before. The target groups are the villagers.

Sounds: Sometimes you are forced to take a pounding, thereby being on full-alert 24/7 for hidden dangers may be your way out of boredom.

This book sings praises to nature and the wisdom that exists there. Only the one with real intentions can see it, smell it, and digest it.

Solitude: Thoreau takes a stand that manifests his ability to perceive isolation as a sign of clear-thinking. He brings to mind his some of the old endeavors, and how these journeys helped him to form an opinion.

Henry doesn’t fail to mention his new neighbors, who he believes are wiser than his old-companions.  

Visitors: Once again, Thoreau finds himself in the middle of a mind-blowing reality. His practice to always leave at least three chairs for potential visitors gives him excitement.

It strange but, Henry reveals that in Walden, the number of guests has increased compared to the period in the city. He doesn’t drive anyone away and enjoys spending time with them, as much he appreciates every bit of solitude.   

The Village: This chapter examines Thoreau’s adventures to Concord. On these quests, he gets introduced to the people living there and picks up the latest gossiping news.

On one of the journeys to Concord, Thoreau gets arrested and imprisoned for failing to pay the poll tax.  

House-Warming: He decides that the best way to prepare himself for the icy-cold winter, is to collect the berries, and to plaster the walls of his cottage.

In the meantime, he embarks on a firewood supply mission to collect a considerable amount – that can keep him warm during the winter days.

The whole mystery about the fire keeps him amazed and grateful for life.

Former Inhabitants; and Winter Visitors: Thoreau breaks the stories of people who inhabited these lands in the past and lived nearby the Walden Pond.

Afterward, Henry shares a thing or two about the guests that stayed in his cabin during the winter, among them was a poet Ellery Channing.

Winter Animals: Thoreau on numerous occasions shares his amazement for owls, squirrels, and other animals.

He also relates to a story about a fox hunt and many others that keep him entertained during the winter.  

The Pond in Winter: Henry gives the facts about Walden Pond and clarifies the beauty of spending the winter there. He even goes a step further by saying that the lake is magical and its sounds cheer him up.

He calls to mind the process of cutting great blocks of ice to be shipped to the Carolinas. He saw at least 100 workers that gave their contribution to the goal.

Spring: As spring comes knocking on the door, Walden and all the other lakes in the area, start melting speeded up by storms and increasing rainfall.

Meanwhile, he can barely stand still as he witnesses the ongoing transformation affecting nature. The revival of environment fires an urge within him and sense of gratitude.

The sky is filled with birds, and life is restored. Henry left Walden Pond on September 6, 1847.

Walden Epilogue

The final chapter produces an eye-opening resolution of the full-scale conflict that Henry tried to avoid. In the same fashion, he criticizes conformity and yearns to find a place of real value.

He strives for real pleasures, deriving strictly from nature and all its elements.

By following this scheme, you’ll be one step closer to finding real bliss, and ultimately peacefulness.

Like this summary? We’d Like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.

“Walden PDF Quotes”

I learned this, at least, by my experiment: that if one advances confidently in the direction of his dreams, and endeavors to live the life which he has imagined, he will meet with a success unexpected in common hours. Click To Tweet I find it wholesome to be alone the greater part of the time. To be in company, even with the best, is soon wearisome and dissipating. I love to be alone. I never found the companion that was so companionable as solitude. Click To Tweet We need the tonic of wildness...At the same time that we are earnest to explore and learn all things, we require that all things be mysterious and unexplorable, that land and sea be indefinitely wild, unsurveyed and unfathomed by us… Click To Tweet Live in each season as it passes; breathe the air, drink the drink, taste the fruit, and resign yourself to the influence of the earth. Click To Tweet The cost of a thing is the amount of what I will call life which is required to be exchanged for it, immediately or in the long run. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

As we mentioned earlier, Walden carries a hidden message, and you have to be open to criticism in order to detect it.

If you ever run into trouble, remember that you can always return to the fundamental understanding of life.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

Make a Killing on Kindle Summary

Make a Killing on Kindle SummaryAre you a self-published writer?

Then it is time you understand that your job is not just to write, but to market your book as well.

Read on to find out the exact techniques that can help you top the Amazon charts in no time.

Who Should Read “Make a Killing on Kindle” and Why?

“Make a Killing on Kindle” is a step by step marketing guidebook that will help self-published authors reach their readers and climb the Amazon charts in a particular category in a matter of just a few weeks.

We recommend it to all aspiring authors, and to the already published ones who want to experience bigger success.

About Michael Alvear

Michael AlvearMichael Alvear is a successful self-published author with over two decades of experience in media and marketing strategies.

“Make a Killing on Kindle Summary”

Some time ago, everyone who wanted to publish a book, had to gain the favor of the publishing gatekeepers: the critics, editors and publishing houses.

However, the Internet has changed the world in so many ways, and it has already changed the publishing industry.

Now aspiring authors no longer have to beg for mercy: they have the market at their fingertips.

But, does that mean that now anyone can be an author?

Well, it does mean that everyone can publish a book, but that is not the same as being a successful author.

The fact that everyone can publish his or her book means that the competition is as big as ever.

There are so many titles that readers can choose from, so why would they pick your book?

The key is not being a good writer. Yes, you have to know how to write, but your job now extends much further than that.

Once you take off your writer’s hat, now you have to roll up your sleeves and put on your marketer’s hat.

Many books and articles explain the world of self-publishing. However, most of these texts advise you to do the same as other already successful authors: create a reader’s platform by making people subscribe to your email newsletters and follow you on Twitter.

However, this is such a hard thing to do, since you will have to have hundreds of thousands of people in your loyal fanbase, in order to make it.

Statistics show that only three-tenths of one percent will click on an advertisement displayed on your blog. Out of this number, only four percent will continue and buy your book.

Can you see how low these numbers are?

Out of 10 000 subscribers, only 1.2 will become your reader.

Obviously, if you are a new author, this approach will not work for you.

Another thing you should not attempt doing is creating a social media campaign around your Kindle book. Social media is great for attracting followers, but that does not mean that those followers are Kindle users.

We just told you not to use the two most famous tactics about making it in the self-publishing world.

Then, what do we advise you to do?

Do not worry; we have a few other, more useful tools you can use to actually create results.

First, remember that readers need to be able to find your book. In order to do that, you have to insert keywords in your book title, description, and the search engine profile, which will connect your book to what your customers search for.  

However, how do you know the words people search for?

Google has you covered on this. Search for a phrase of your book on Google AdWords, and you will see a list of related keywords along with the frequency of searches. Then, choose your keywords from this list.

Another thing you have to put some thought into is the category you place your book in. To find a category, find authors who are similar to you, and the categories they use for their publications.

While you do this, be careful not to put your book in a category that has too much competition in it.

Balance is the key since you want something the readers search for, but you do not want your book to be just another of the many.

Now that you have this covered, it is time that you take care of the visuals.

The cover is what makes the first impression of your book, as well as its title.

Do not lose your battle before it even begins – put some effort into coming up with a good title and put your book design into a professional’s hands.

The best titles are short and attractive. Also, make it as clear as you can, since today’s readers do not have too much patience to find out the meaning of the words.

The only thing that is left is creating an effective book description and adding the “look inside” option, which will allow your readers to have a peek at your content.

Of course, once you let your readers have a look at your content, you must ensure you get them to see the best part of your content, that will only leave them asking for more.

What we covered are just the basics of creating your book for online readers. For more information scroll down to our key lessons, and for a better understanding and all the techniques refer to the full book.

Key Lessons from “Make a Killing on Kindle”

1.      Social Media Presence Will Not Help You as Much as You Think It Will
2.      The Title and Book Cover Are Everything
3.      Get Reviews

Social Media Presence Will Not Help You as Much as You Think It Will

Most books on self-publishing will advise you to build a following on social media, but in fact, only a small portion of your followers will turn into your readers.

So, instead of obsessing over the numbers on Twitter, put an effort in creating a good book.

The Title and Book Cover Are Everything

You have heard it many times: do not judge a book by its cover, but the fact is that everyone WILL judge your book by its title and cover.

So, make sure they are good.

Get Reviews

When you are starting out, make sure you have reviews on Amazon, since readers will get more interested in reading your book if they see someone else has read it.

Reach out to your friends and family to do you this favor. Make sure not the starting reviews you get are five-starred, since if that is all there is – no one will believe they are genuine.

Like this summary? We’d Like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.

“Make a Killing on Kindle Quotes”

Don’t pretend to ask for advice when you’re looking for vindication. Click To Tweet Write the book description in the third person and present tense. As if you’re sitting face-to-face with a browser who just asked you what the book is about. Click To Tweet Try not to mention more than three or four characters unless they’re vital to the story. If you can’t hook them with four characters you won’t be able to do it with five or six. Click To Tweet Search -Power words- on Google and you’ll find plenty of them. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

“Make a Killing on Kindle” does exactly what it promises in the title: it gives readers a set of useful principles that they can follow if they want to make it in the highly competitive self-publishing world.

Although it is a bit old, when it comes to the Internet, the principles are still sound and valuable.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

How Not to Be Wrong PDF Summary

How Not to Be Wrong PDFThe Power of Mathematical Thinking

What if someone came to you right now and told you that you are a mathematician by design? And what if that someone claims that by learning few more tricks from his book, you can at least learn how to be tricked less by the Greatest Mathematician of All, Life.

Jordan Ellenberg is the someone from the previous paragraph. And you can read all about the aforementioned tricks he knows in our “How Not to Be Wrong” summary.

Who Should Read “How Not to Be Wrong PDF”? And Why?

Mathematics doesn’t need to be all equations and no language. Jordan Ellenberg proves that it can be the other way around. So, you don’t need to be interested in math or logic to read this book. All you need to be interested in is common sense.

Because “How Not to Be Wrong” aims to teach you that what you find in math schoolbooks is actually common sense neatly broken down into comprehensible mathematical symbols. Ellenberg translates them into examples so that you can understand them better.

About Jordan Ellenberg

Jordan EllenbergJordan Ellenberg is a professor of mathematics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

A child prodigy, he has received a Ph.D. from Harvard University and an MFA in creative writing from Johns Hopkins. He is a regular columnist for “Slate” and has written few interesting articles for “New York Times” and the “Wall Street Journal.”

In addition to “How Not to Be Wrong,” Ellenberg has also authored a novel, “The Grasshopper King.”

“How Not to Be Wrong Summary”

Let’s just say that we’re targeting most of our readers if we start our summary with a sentence along these lines:

You don’t like math, do you?

And you are reasonably sure that it has no practical value whatsoever?

Don’t try to prove me wrong on the latter one, you warn us, because I know that even a genius mathematician of Richard Feynman’s stature felt that math was a bit abstract to his taste!

OK – we dig you! It’s not like we solve equations in our free time. And no – we don’t have a T-shirt with an Euler’s identity print! (Though, man, they sure look funny…) However, Jordan Ellenberg really convinced us that math is not a throwaway matter. So, at least give him – and us – a chance! Because we will try to prove you wrong.

Firstly, by claiming that you already know a lot more math than you care to admit (or are aware of, for that matter); and secondly, by demonstrating you that if you learn a bit more, you can basically cheat your way through life.

But, first thing’s first: you, the unconscious mathematician.

Now, Jordan Ellenberg has a funny way of describing math, and his definition is a good way to start. Namely, he claims that math is “the science of not being wrong.” A bit pretentious, you think? Maybe, but like almost everything else in math – not wrong.

You see, after Einstein, we started questioning even physics, and everything suddenly was much more relative than before. Math survived through this as well, as basically the only exact science of them all.

Speaking of surviving – here’s an excellent way to demonstrate to you how its exactness works. And how it’s not a purely mathematical matter, but common-sensical as well.

At one point during the Second World War, the U.S. Army intended to protect its planes better. In order to decide where the manufacturers should add more armor – they couldn’t add everywhere since that would have caused more fuel consumption – they examined thoroughly the damages on all of the returned planes.

The result?

As you can see yourself from Louie Zamperini’s plane, it was the fuselage which suffered the most, having far more bullet holes than the planes’ engines. After the study, the U.S. Airforce decided to reinforce the fuselage; and it would have done exactly that, if a mathematician by the name of Abraham Wald hadn’t realized that the seemingly straightforward study was flawed.

Namely, it didn’t take into account the bombers which were shut down. Those, Wald claimed, were surely hit much more in their engines.

The U.S. Airforce made a logical error we now call survivorship bias. In a nutshell: focusing merely on the things that have survived a process gives incomplete results.

Yes, this is math too. And, as you can see, it can save numerous lives. Not to mention some serious blushes.

And you know – and readily use ­– few similar techniques to tackle everyday issues. Or, unfortunately (if you don’t know them), you risk being tackled by them. Or, to use Taleb’s phrase, your risk being “fooled by randomness.”

For example, do you know that acting upon advices in books written by successful investors makes you a victim of the survivorship bias explained above?

After all, there are many others who failed to get rich at the market, and you don’t know any of those guys! Who knows how many of them are in the world right now!

Just like the World War II planes, Warren Buffett and Charlie Munger may be the exceptions.

Also, are you aware that the only thing a monkey needs to write the complete works of Shakespeare is a typewriter and infinite time? Just as well, many other things create patterns through sheer noise.

Believing in conspiracy theories, for example, may mean finding something which is there merely because you are a human and you’re built to see patterns even where there are none.

Finally, do you know that even a majority vote can be rigged if your agenda maker is savvy enough? It’s called the Condorcet paradox, and you may have been a victim of it once or twice.

Especially if you were living in Florida in 2000 and voted for Ralph Nader.

Still not interested in math problems?

Key Lessons from “How Not to Be Wrong”

1.      Math Is the Science of Not Being Wrong
2.      Be Wary of the Survivorship Bias – Especially When You’re Reading Books
3.      You Can Rig Elections and Majority Votes

Math Is the Science of Not Being Wrong

Jordan Ellenberg has a funny way to define math. He claims that it is the science of not being wrong.

You may notice that he doesn’t mention where – it’s just not being wrong, period.

And he has a right to say that since math is basically never wrong. What it actually deals with is the underlying laws and patterns which govern the chaos around us. In other words, if you’ve ever argued against your friend’s claim that Steph Curry had a hot hand that February night against the Knicks back in 2013 – you’ve actually practiced math.

Because, as far as mathematicians are concerned, there’s no such thing as hot hands in basketball – or anywhere else. It’s just a case of taking into consideration fewer factors than you should. Or, in layman’s terms, a case of being wrong.

Be Wary of the Survivorship Bias – Especially When You’re Reading Books

Math problems have many practical applications. One of the most famous examples is the survivorship bias. It means that studies often focus only on the people or things which have survived through a process. And the survivors don’t necessarily describe the process in its entirety.

What does this mean in practice?

It means that thousands of people have tried becoming investment gurus using Warren Buffett’s strategies, but most of them probably failed. However, their failures are invisible to us, since these guys are not on TV and their books don’t sell a million copies.

The conclusion?

Warren Buffett’s strategy may be a good one – but he may have been merely lucky.

You Can Rig Elections and Majority Votes

This one’s scary!

With enough info, mathematicians are capable of creating a scenario where you’ll be voting for something entirely different from what you actually defend or are firmly against. Moreover, sometimes you can be tricked into voting for the exact same thing you would least want to vote for.


Consider the 2000 Florida elections. The final results stated that Bush won 48.85 percent of the votes, Al Gore 48.84 percent (just 537 votes fewer) and Ralph Nader merely 1.6 percent. Common sense says – well, the majority won.

However, math says that that’s wrong. Because almost all of the people who voted Nader would have chosen Al Gore if there were only two candidates. So, Bush won even though between him and the second-best candidate, the majority preferred the latter.


Try some counter-intuitive paradoxes such as the Monty Hall problem! The best part is that it doesn’t matter what you or anybody else thinks. What matters is that math can’t be wrong.

Like this summary? We’d like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.

“How Not to Be Wrong Quotes”

I think we need more math majors who don't become mathematicians. More math major doctors, more math major high school teachers, more math major CEOs, more math major senators. Click To Tweet A basic rule of mathematical life: if the universe hands you a hard problem, try to solve an easier one instead, and hope the simple version is close enough to the original problem that the universe doesn’t object. Click To Tweet Knowing mathematics is like wearing a pair of X-ray specs that reveal hidden structures underneath the messy and chaotic surface of the world. Click To Tweet Dividing one number by another is mere computation; knowing what to divide by what is mathematics. Click To Tweet The Pythagoreans, you have to remember, were extremely weird. Their philosophy was a chunky stew of things we’d now call mathematics, things we’d now call religion, and things we’d now call mental illness. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

“How Not to Be Wrong” is one of the very few books written by an accomplished mathematician who happens to be a novelist as well. So, in other words, here’s math for you – explained in the best, writerly manner possible.

And when that happens, math can be a magical thing. There’s a reason why Bill Gates included “How Not to Be Wrong” in his 2016 “5 Books to Read This Summer” list. It is, simply put, a great, great book.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

Quitter Summary – Jon Acuff

Quitter SummaryClosing the Gap Between Your Day Job & Your Dream Job

Do you want to change your career?

Do not quit just yet!

When you decide to change your dreams, the best way is the smart and careful way.

Let us show you the path!

Who Should Read “Quitter” and Why?

Do you have a dream?

Of course, you do.

But, do you have to quit what you are currently doing in order to achieve it?

Well, no. Moreover, “Quitter” does not recommend it. Instead, it offers you an alternative, safer approach that will guarantee your happiness.

We recommend it to all ambitious people who feel that they need to change jobs and follow their passions.

About Jon Acuff

Jon AcuffJon Acuff is a full-time bestselling author, who became what he is today after being a serial quitter, and was working eight different jobs in a time span of eight years.

“Quitter Summary”

Ever since we were kids, we were thinking about what we want to be when we grow up.

As we do grow up, we start limiting our choices, and finding our true passions, and even making plans about how to get where we want to be.

Sadly, not many people make it to the place of their dreams, and most of us end up working jobs we do not like or do not care about.

Many people who believe that you live only once, would say to you that if you are not satisfied with your current job, you should just quit and find a new one.

However, that is not the way to go.

Money is an important aspect of our everyday lives, whether we like to accept it or not.

When you do not have money, you worry constantly about paying the bills and getting through the day, which can undermine both your health and your relationships.

However, that does not mean that you should just keep working at the place you hate.

We are just saying to keep your day job, at least at the beginning of the path toward your dream.

What is the reason that this could be helpful?

Well, it is not just because of stress. If you do quit, you will feel that you are out of options, and you may end up sucked at equally bad, or even worse, opportunity.

If you have enough money to pay for your living expenses, on the other hand, you can make wiser choices.

Having a job will also make sure that you maintain a healthy lifestyle, and be disciplined.

When you stay at home too much, you end up being lazy and doing nothing, and that is not the way to happiness or a better career.

So, we concluded that you should stop the thoughts about quitting your job immediately from becoming a reality.

What next?

Next, you must get a clear idea of your purpose and dreams.

Some people are born knowing their dreams, while others need to work hard to find them.

However, it will all become much easier if you just ask the right questions.

So, instead of asking yourself what you want to do in your life and overburdening yourself with the never-ending number of possibilities, just think about what you have done in your life so far, and have enjoyed doing.

Look back on your past, and search your memories for what the author names a “hinge” moment.

These moments an be happy or sad, and seem insignificant at first, but are actually redirecting your life in a way you may have never expected.

Of course, when you decide to follow your dreams and walk a path not many people do, you will be facing risks.

Coming to terms with these risks is important, so think about what you want to achieve and look at all the risks this job involves.

People look at risks in three different ways: through a magnifying glass, which makes them look too big to handle, through a kaleidoscope, which makes them too complex and overwhelming, or through a telescope, from a safe distance.

The last way is the only way that will empower you and enable you to overcome your fears and all the risks that come your way.

It will make them look manageable and small enough that you can continue chasing your dreams.

Finally, do not be a strict planner.

Yes, plan for things, but do not let your plans paralyze you.

There will always be instances where things will go a different direction, many times a much better one, and there will be moments when you will face challenges you did not see coming.

If you want to achieve your dream, you have to know the bigger picture, but not get too stuck on the details.

Key Lessons from “Quitter”

1.      Do Not Quit Just Yet
2.      Wake Up Early
3.      Define Your Goals So You Can Reach Them

Do Not Quit Just Yet

You can get your dream job, but on the way to it, you must not quit your current one.

At least not yet.

If you quit now, you will soon become desperate, since you will not be able to pay your bills, and you need money to survive.

So, you will most probably end up working whatever other job comes your way first, so you will just be replacing your unwanted profession.

Walk slowly toward building the career you want, and start from putting extra hours when you are free, without quitting what you are currently doing.

Wake Up Early

Even if you think of yourself as a night owl, wake up early.

When you do something you should do in the very early morning, before you have even gone to work, you will feel much more purposeful.

Define Your Goals So You Can Reach Them

In order to reach your goals, you have to define your vision of success.

In other words, you have to define what does “having enough” mean for you.

Then you will have a much clearer vision, and you will make a much more focused effort.

Like this summary? We’d Like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.

“Quitter” Quotes

90 percent perfect and shared with the world always changes more lives than 100 percent perfect and stuck in your head. Click To Tweet Pitting your dream against someone else's is a fantastic way to get discouraged and depressed. Click To Tweet I don't want you to wake up at sixty-five and realize, I spend forty of my best years doing something that just funded my life. Click To Tweet Hustle isn't just doing the things you love all the time. Hustle is doing the things you don't enjoy sometimes to earn the right to do the things you love. Click To Tweet I want the peace in knowing that is wasn’t for lack of hustling that I missed a target for my dream. I want to know that the one thing in my control was under control. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

Jon Acuff has written a book that is created by perfectly balanced motivational and practical part.

First, you will feel empowered and ready to set off on the road to making your dreams come true, and then you will get a set of actional steps you will get there.

This is everything a book should be.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:   

The Magic of Math Summary

The Magic of Math SummarySolving for x and Figuring Out Why

Oh No, I hate math! Hold your horses for a moment; this is more than just a brief introduction to mathematical calculations.

In this book summary, you’ll learn a few tricks; you can use to amuse your friends, and family.

Who Should Read “The Magic of Math”? And Why?

It may come as a surprise to you, but math can also be quite entraining; if you possess the right set of skills.

Don’t worry, no previous experience is required in order to utilize various numerical operations for personal gain.

The Magic of Math” as the name implies, illustrates a brand-new revolution launched in the name of algorithmic and arithmetical functions.

We recommended to all “wizards” and those who want to join the club.

About Arthur Benjamin

Arthur BenjaminYou may have heard of Arthur Benjamin, who regularly shares his findings as a hailed keynote speaker at Ted Talks.

He obtained his Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University.

“The Magic of Math Summary”

Mathematics is more than just a subject, boring or amusing to various groups of children. Calculations play an essential role in human development, and it’s fair to say, that magic can also be an integral part of its operations.

Take into account the “alchemy” of the well-known numerical patterns. In another case, these algorithms are labeled as patterns made of numbers. How do these features perform wizardry, regarding mathematics?

Well, you are not dealing with anything surreal, but with a well-proven concept that can improve your mental capacity and problem-solving skills.

For example, you don’t need any tool to calculate the square of a number quickly. In this book, you’ll find a detailed explanation of how to make that happen.

Stay with us to learn a few tricks and enlighten your friends and family. No, it’s not geeky; it’s magical if you really understand the trickery that revolves around math. Here are a few guidelines you must follow, in order to make your maneuver work:

  • First, tell your friend/s to think of any two numbers between 1 and 10
  • Afterward, you must add those numbers
  • Next step would be to multiply the result by 10,
  • Once you finished that, next in line is adding the larger number
  • Then, subtract the smaller one
  • and demand the final result.

Once, the “participant” successfully executes all the tasks, you (as a host) are just one step away from to knock your friend’s socks off by revealing the numbers he chose a few minutes ago.

Let’s divide the process, step by step: Let’s say that the final answer is 126. Next in line is separating the first two ciphers from the last digit. Here’s how it goes: Add the last number to the first two (6+12) and then divide this result by 2. 18/2= 9 – and this is the large number.

What comes next? It’s pretty straightforward to calculate the smaller number your friend picked. Just take this number (9) and subtract the last digit of the number, which emerged from the formula discussed earlier (126) = 9 – 6 = 3. It’s that simple!!

What is so special about the number 9? – Let’s dive right into it and unveil everything that contributes to the specialty of this digit.

In truth, not many people are aware of the facts that are partly responsible for making 9 too valuable to mathematicians. The first magic lies in the simplicity of multiple processes. 9, 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, 63, 72, 81, 90, 99, 108, 117, and so forth.

What’s so special about these digits? If you take a closer look, you’ll see that each of the digits in these numbers if added together will result in the same outcome = 9. For instance, (9+0), (8+1) (2+7) (4+5) … At first sight, many would assume that (9+9) destroys this sequence, but that’s not true.

18 – would still produce the same outcome if you add 1 and 8 once more.

At the beginning of the 13th century, a renowned Italian mathematician known as Fibonacci wrote a fantastic book that represents the point of no return in Math. The Book of Calculation or “Liber Abaci” marks the pivotal moment for solving arithmetic problems and displaying various formulas.

The operation exhibited through “Immortal rabbits” is perhaps the greatest piece of ingenuity that occurred in those days. What’s it all about? – From our basic understanding and rules, every month a little “r” (baby rabbit) converts into “R” (adult rabbit) and thus each “R” becomes “Rr.”

It means that now you have a pair of adults and a pair of babies.

So, what do we get?

  • 1 Month – r
  • 2 Month – R
  • 3 Month – Rr
  • 4 Month – Rr R
  • 5 Month – Rr R Rr
  • 6 Month – Rr R Rr Rr R

One can’t help but notice, that there is something weird about the end-result and the sequence generated from it.

At first glance, the digits – 1,1,2,3,5,8 … may seem irrelevant but scan it more thoroughly. What do you see? It’s pretty evident, that each number in the sequence is in fact, the sum of its two predecessors. For instance (1 + 2 = 3) (3 + 2 = 5) and so forth. This example represents the Fibonacci Numbers.

One thing separates math, from other branches of natural science – facts. Unlike other disciplines, mathematicians mainly focus on propositions, which can prove its absolute accuracy and relevance.

For instance, regardless of the circumstances or the intentions behind various equations, it’s 100% true to say that even numbers are multiples of 2. Therefore, it doesn’t take too much knowledge to realize that such assertation is validated.

Even famous mathematicians have their favorite ways of solving equations. A large portion of them would reply that eiπ+ 1 = 0 is one of their favorites.

Not only that it addresses different calculations, and it also includes the main five features of mathematics: 1, 0, π, i, and e.

Like this summary? We’d Like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks.

Our Critical Review

Are you a math lover? – You don’t have to be to like this book.

We sincerely enjoyed every bit of it and learned a few tricks along the road.

We advise that you should at least try to do the same because it’ll surely be a time well-spent.    Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF: