The Sun is Also a Star PDF Summary

The Sun is Also a Star PDFToday we serve you a summary of a book about teenage love and the power of fate.

If you are into the young-adult genre, this is the place where you should be.

Who Should Read “The Sun is Also a Star”? And Why?

“The Sun is Also a Star” is a novel that belongs to the very famous young-adult genre, which has topped the bestselling lists around the US.

It is a story about two young migrants in the US who fall in love but are separated because the female protagonist and her family get deported from the country.

Will they meet again? Is there love really that strong?

We recommend this book to all teenagers loving to read melodramatic love stories.

Nicola Yoon Biography

Nicola YoonNicola Yoon is a Jamaican writer of young-adult novels, currently living in the US.


The time is fall. The place is New York City. The name is Natasha Kingsley.

Natasha is 17, and she is in the turning point of her life as prepares along with her family to leave the US.

She is Jamaican, and they have all been deported back to their homeland because her father was drunk-driving. But, she cannot exactly remember they country they head for since her family left for the US when she was only eight years old.

There is another name that lurks in the picture: David Jae Ho Bae.

He is Korean, and of the same age as Natasha. We meet him while he is at the hairdresser’s, getting a haircut for an interview with Yale, which his family is pressuring him to get into.

But, in reality, he does not want to study there. Nor does he want to be a doctor as everyone expects him to be.

Back to Natasha, she tries to do whatever she can to stop her family from being deported. She visits the Customs and Immigration Services. But nothing seems to be working out since because the security guard takes her time examining her belongings, she misses the appointment.

Thankfully she is able to meet with another agent, who seems to be willing to help, as she gets a phone number from an immigration lawyer who is supposedly good enough to help.

Zig-zagging to David, we see him riding the subway while the conductor talks about the salvation, and looking for God.

David believes in destiny and tries to find a sign of God’s presence around him.

Can you already guess where he finds it?

That is right – Natasha. He sees her walking by wearing a jacket with a writing “Deux ex-machine” on it. He follows her to the record store she goes to, trying to talk to her.

She is not interested, as she is lost in her thoughts, but a few moments later he saves her from being hit by a car, and so she agrees to meet him for coffee.

That is how the romance begins.

Their characters are completely opposite: David is creative, believes in fate and has an artistic soul, while Natasha is logical and rational, and does not want to get attached.

Yet another problem is the beliefs David’s family has, and their racist opinions. He takes the chance to introduce Natasha to them while he is running an errand, but they do not respond positively.

Although the words hurt Natasha, she is glad that he took the courage to take a step and show her to his family.

However, when she tells him that her family is getting deported, he gets mad, and the fight that results from this problem leads to their separation.

Later, he feels like he overreacted, and he goes to look for her since he realizes that his feelings are intense.

In the meantime, Natasha meets with the immigration lawyer, who assures her that he will buy her family time and they will not have to leave immediately.

For the first time, she feels hopeful.

Armed with this feeling of hope, she goes to David’s house and begs his brother for David’s number. She calls him and asks to meet him.

Coincidentally, she wants to meet in the building where she is meeting with the lawyer, which is the same building he has his interview.

David sees this as another sign and starts contemplating getting his life into his own hands instead of just nodding and following his family’s wishes with nothing to say.

So, he decides to miss the interview and go to meet Natasha instead. As they spend more time together, they realize the intensity of their feelings and the love they feel.

However, the lawyer could not help Natasha after all, and her family is forced to board the plane to Jamaica.

And you know what? That same lawyer is the one that David was supposed to have an interview with but didn’t.

So, Natasha and David split, both heartbroken, with the plans about their lives crumbled.

They promise to keep in touch, but the distance does its magic and stops them from keeping this promise.

The Sun is Also a Star Epilogue

In the aftermath of the book, we are taken ten years later, when Natasha is flying the same plane as David. Their eyes meet, and they recognize each other immediately. What

What will happen next?

Will they reignite their love? Or will they separate once again?

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“The Sun is Also a Star PDF Quotes”

There’s a Japanese phrase that I like: koi no yokan. It doesn’t mean love at first sight. It’s closer to love at second sight. It’s the feeling when you meet someone that you’re going to fall in love with them. Maybe you don’t love them… Click To Tweet Maybe part of falling in love with someone else is also falling in love with yourself. Click To Tweet We are capable of big lives. A big history. Why settle? Why choose the practical thing, the mundane thing? We are born to dream and make the things we dream about. Click To Tweet Sometimes your world shakes so hard, it's difficult to imagine that everyone else isn't feeling it too. Click To Tweet I didn't know you this morning, and now I don't remember not knowing you. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

Oh, wow.

No, do not get confused, this is not one of those “oh my god, this is the best book ever” wows.

On the contrary, it is a “wow, I finally finished this” wow.

I mean, the book is not bad at all (the writing is quite good, actually), but it is not my cup of tea. I believe that teenagers and young people would love it, but for lovers of literary fiction and character-driven stories, reading this will be a bit hard.

So, if you are a someone who enjoys reading such lovey-dovey stories and if you do not nitpick at every coincidence and weak plot twist along the way, or if you are looking for a book to kill some time with, you are free to put this book on your reading list.

Otherwise, just read something with fewer coincidences and more believable timeline.

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Of Mice and Men PDF Summary

Of Mice and Men PDFHere goes an unusual and heart moving story of a friendship.

You want to get on this literary ride, trust me.

Who Should Read “Of Mice and Men”? And Why?

“Of Mice and Men” is a story about two migrant laborers and friends, George and Lennie, who are each other’s support and family, and share a dream of owning their own farm. However,  things soon go wrong.

We recommend this gripping tale to everyone! It is impossible not to love it.

John Steinbeck Biography

John SteinbeckJohn Steinbeck is a prolific American writer, Pulitzer and Nobel Prize Winner.


Meet George and Lennie.

They are migrant workers, one of them (George) small and dark, with sharp features on his face, while the other (Lennie) a giant man with a, as Steinbeck puts it, “shapeless” face.

At the moment, they got off a bus in the middle of nowhere, far away from California, where they should start working.

To make matters worse, they are thirsty.

Thankfully, there is a pool and a clearing where they can camp, and they decide to do so, for the upcoming night.

During their night together, they get into a conversation, from which it is clear that Lenny is dependent upon George, since he has a small mental disability, so he needs someone to protect him.

At one point, George finds out that Lennie has all along been carrying a dead mouse with him. He has this thing with soft things – he pets them, but accidentally kills them afterward.

Lennie does not realize the mouse is dead and continues stroking him.

George is mad and throws the mouse away with anger. He exclaims that everything would be easier if he were not responsible for Lennie.

But, we do not believe him, since you can see that he cares for his friend deeply and that he is only afraid that he will get some disease from the dead animal.

Then, we find out that their friendship is also connected by the shared dream of buying land to farm and keeping rabbits on it.

Their night ends with George telling Lennie a story about how great life would be at their dream place.

When the sun goes up, the men go to the nearby ranch, trying to find a job. In order to do that, George decides to lie about Lennie’s mental condition, and he insists on being the one that does the talking.

As it turns out, the lies work, and they are hired.

They meet the boss’s son Curley and his wife, whom he is possessive of, as well as the old handyman Candy.

It seems that Curley is jealous for a reason – his wife is of flirtatious nature, and as soon as Lennie and George stay alone in the house, she appears and tries to seduce them.

Lennie finds her attractive, but George immediately warns him to stay away from that woman.

Soon, when the people return to the house, they also meet the mule driver called Slim. He is fascinated by the kind of friendship that George and Lennie share.

By saying that he creates a feeling of trust, and the next day George decides to come clean and tells him that he and Lennie are actually friends and not cousins like he lied to the boss.

Then, he starts telling him about all those moments when Lennie got him in trouble.

When he stays alone with Lennie, they discuss their plans of buying a piece of land, a conversation which the old handyman Candy overhears, and wants “in.”

They tell him that he can join, but if he keeps quiet about it. In the meantime, Curley is searching for his wife, and not knowing whom to blame, picks a fight with Lennie.

Slim stands in his defense, saying that he should not try to get them fired unless he wants to become a laughingstock.

The next day, most of the men decide to head for the local brothel. Lennie is left behind.

Curley’s wife uses the opportunity and flirts with him, further amused by the cuts she sees on Lennie’s face, which she can sense are a result of her husband’s jealousy.

She leaves when the other men arrive, but finds him the next day again, when he is vulnerable because he accidentally killed his puppy, just as he usually does with animals.

She tries to console him and tells him her dream of becoming a movie star, which never did and never will come true. But, she wishes she followed it, she tells him.

In that conversation, Lennie tells her that he has a thing for soft things, so she offers him her hair, to touch it.

However, just as he sometimes does, he grabs it too tightly, and she screams.

Trying to silence her, he unintentionally breaks her neck and kills her.

Of Mice and Men Epilogue

Lennie is afraid of what he did, and he escapes back to that camping place that George pointed as a meeting spot if someone of them ever gets into trouble.

And, oh boy, is Lennie in trouble!

The men in the house discover what has happened, and so does George, so he hurries to meet Lennie at the designated place.

Surprisingly, George does not seem to be mad at him for doing such a bad thing. Instead, he starts to tell him their story of the idyllic life they will lead once they get the farm they want to buy.

As the sound of the approaching men gets louder, George takes out his gun and shoots his friend in his head.

Everyone else arrives and is surprised by the view.

George lies to them, saying that the gun was Lennie’s and that he took it away from him and shot him in self-defense.

Only Slim, who seems to understand their kind of friendship, seems to know that what George did was not out of anger, but out of mercy.

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“Of Mice and Men PDF Quotes”

Maybe ever’body in the whole damn world is scared of each other. Click To Tweet I got you to look after me, and you got me to look after you, and that's why. Click To Tweet As happens sometimes, a moment settled and hovered and remained for much more than a moment. And sound stopped, and movement stopped for much, much more than a moment. Click To Tweet Guy don't need no sense to be a nice fella. Seems to me sometimes it jus' works the other way around. Take a real smart guy and he ain't hardly ever a nice fella. Click To Tweet Trouble with mice is you always kill 'em. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

Why did I have to read this?

I cried so much in the end.

These characters made me love them, laugh with them, and cry for them. They made me dream about their rabbit farm, and cheer for them.

And in the end, they hurt me so badly!

This book is amazing! But, if you are like me, and tend to connect with the characters too much if they let you get prepared to be hurt too.

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Believe It to Achieve It PDF Summary

Believe It to Achieve It PDFIt sounds logical, doesn’t it?

Not even a pile of overwhelming evidence is enough for some people to take action.

Their laziness and lethargic attitude obstructs every process and undermines all chances of a possible clean sweep.

Who Should Read “Believe It to Achieve It”? And Why?

We don’t want to spend any more words than we have to on this one.

Believe It to Achieve it is without any question suitable for the wider audience, especially for people who lack determination and have low self-esteem.

About Bryan Tracy & Christina Stein

Bryan TracyBrian Tracy is the author of many bestselling books, and of the of most celebrated motivators in the digital era. His best works are: Eat That Frog, No Excuses, Maximum Achievement, Get Smart, etc.

Christina Stein is an author, speaker, and psychotherapist who holds a master degree in clinical psychology.

“Believe It to Achieve It PDF Summary”

We live in a world without words, where everything changes in a heartbeat. You don’t need anyone to tell you that stress is all around us. Settling scores with the society is anything but beneficial. So, what should you do?

Following a clear and concise step-by-step program developed by Brian Tracy and Christina Stein can be a start. Cast doubt on your patterns and challenge your ideas!  

CHAPTER ONE: Why People Get Stuck

Each and every one can recall a situation that brought you suffering such as: losing a job or ending up heartbroken. Why do you need this simple exercise?

A person who thrives on challenges can generally overcome this insecurity and develop into a self-conscious individual. If you can look back without a judgemental attitude, you’ll not be pulled in the circle of endless suffering.

CHAPTER TWO: What Holds You Back

You don’t need maneuvering to get everything you desire and crave for. Many people have risen to the occasion just because they were aware of their craftiness.  

No one can take away your talent, not even you. Nonetheless, sometimes we give it away so easily, walk out on it, and reject the possibility that one day we could live our dreams. In reality, there is virtually nothing impossible if you are willing to put a lot of effort and energy.  

If you lack the stomach to follow your dreams, no one can do it on your behalf.

CHAPTER THREE: Letting Go of the Past

Whatever affects your decision-making can be modified to serve a higher purpose. Ascertain the cause of your defeats, before you draw any conclusion. That way, you will be one step ahead of any trauma, and thus you’ll take over the driver’s seat.

CHAPTER FOUR: Change Your Thinking, Change Your Life

This step is easy to digest because it promotes a message that is pretty straightforward. Why a positive thinking head prevails over a negative one? Underachievers are those people who lack the efficiency and determination to get things done.

Having the upper hand is sometimes harder than it seems because we don’t dare to run the show. We are satisfied with second place, a position that is merely a reflection of fear and insecurity.

CHAPTER FIVE: Become a Master of Change

The human body, nature, society are prone to evolution; everything changes with each breath. If you don’t embrace a flexible attitude, the world will crash down on your shoulders. Be more open-minded and prepared for anything.

Expecting a change is a step that must be taken into account. Changes are inevitable; an aspect of our lives that cannot be sidestepped. With this in mind, it’s better if you adjust to changes, rather than opposing their impact and staying rigid.

CHAPTER SIX: The People in Your Life

Everyone carries mental baggage that is filled with depression, anxiety and moments to forget. Despite these painful memories, Brian warns you of the danger to put the blame on others and shift the responsibility. You are the only one who should be held accountable for your life.

These individuals who left a mark in your life, shouldn’t be taken too seriously, because at the end of the day, it all relies on your readiness to show glimpses of your full capabilities.

CHAPTER SEVEN: Get On with It!

In this chapter, you’ll get the hand of 7 critical steps that one must take in order to exploit its mental and intellectual potential fully.

  1. Values: It’s needless to say that happy people, don’t bargain with happiness. They firmly stand behind their decisions, because their values are out in the open.
  2. VisionThe minute you define your values, you can then begin to visualize and put yourself in a position you would like to be in the foreseeable future.
  3. Mission: Find your mission before you do anything else. Question your agenda, personality, goals, vision and choose a field that requires your prowess as a specialist.
  4. Purpose: What is your purpose on this planet? Do you want to be yet another undiscovered gem, or join the mediocre mindset prevailing in the community?
  5. Goals: Define your goals before making a move. It’s a lot easier to succeed once you have a clear direction where you should be heading.
  6. Priorities: It may seem obvious, but many people misjudge their capabilities because they don’t heed the warnings.
  7. Actions: Once you execute all the steps, you can then proceed to put your plan, vision, values, and goals into action. The perfect mix of discipline and willpower can take you anywhere.

CONCLUSION: Seven Truths About You

You are a thoroughly good and excellent person. There is no single evidence out there that can crumble your inner value because your potential and talent are beyond “ifs” and “buts”!

You are important, in many, many ways. We are all beautiful creations, deriving from the same place. Don’t cast doubt on your uniqueness and value as a human being.

You have unlimited potential. Who can be the master of your destiny other than you? It’s about time you harness the power of vision and emotional stability.

You create your world in every respect. You don’t need us telling you, whatever you think; you become. Change your life, by changing your mindset.

You are always free to choose. This existence grants us the privilege of choosing life in manners that suits us. Don’t lose your grip on your happiness and bliss.

You were put on this earth with a great destiny. There’s not a single person out there who shares the same abilities and skills as you do. Don’t underestimate your capacity.

There are no limits to what you can do, be, or have. It is scary for some people to hear and witness the dreaded truth – There are no limits nor restrictions in the universe!

Key Lessons from “Believe It to Achieve It”

1.      Embrace uncertainty and uniqueness
2.      Create your future at once
3.      Adopt an “I Can Do It” attitude

Embrace uncertainty and uniqueness

Not even twins are comparable, so quotes I can’t hold a candle to “someone” are not advisable.

Stick to your oneness, and don’t fall in the pitfall of identification and comparison.

Create your future at once

It’s about time you steer your mind and life, and use your authority to fix things up. Sometimes, we tend to put our faith in the hands of other individuals.

Such mentality is a one-way ticket to an emotional breakdown. Evaluate your decisions and take one step at the time.

Adopt an “I Can Do It” attitude

We cannot emphasize enough of how important it is for you to be fully equipped with the right behavior.

Whiners and underachievers have one thing in common – They can’t do it! Don’t fall for that, follow in the footsteps of those who advocate for success and transparency.

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“Believe It to Achieve It Quotes”

The first cause of negative emotions is justification. Negative emotions cannot exist unless you can explain to yourself and others why you are entitled to feel how you do about this person or situation. Click To Tweet Fear, doubt, and worry arise when the child is continually criticized whenever she makes a mistake of any kind. Click To Tweet Big life changes such as a new job, moving, the birth of a child, and the end of a relationship can all result in short periods of feeling overwhelmed and irrational. Click To Tweet Peace of mind is the highest human good. Click To Tweet Perhaps the most important principle of success and happiness is contained in the law of forgiveness. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

Perhaps not everyone wishes to hear this, but there are hardly any limits!

This book presents a guideline made of certain protocols and standards that you should embrace if you wish to count yourself among victors.

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A Streetcar Named Desire PDF Summary

A Streetcar Named Desire PDF“Hey, Stella!”

“Hey, Stellaaa!”

If this sentence does not ring any bells, then you must not be a Brando fan.

This time we are giving you a summary of a play, that first premiered on Broadway, and then got its movie form as well: “A Streetcar Named Desire.”

Who Should Read “A Streetcar Named Desire”? And Why?

“A Streetcar Named Desire” is a Pulitzer winning play and is regarded as one of the best plays of the 20th century.

It is a story about a broke schoolteacher Blanche, that arrives at her sister’s home in New Orleans, having nowhere else to go and the trajectory of her life.

The streetcar is a symbol of the events that happened in her life: she first rode a streetcar named Desire, and then one called Cemeteries.

We recommend this play to readers of modern plays. If you do not like to read, we suggest you at least take a look at the movie.

Tennessee Williams Biography

Tennessee WilliamsTennessee Williams is one of the most successful and prolific playwrights if the 20th century.


The story opens up with Blanche DuBois arriving in New Orleans and heads toward her sister Stella’s apartment. We learn that he is a schoolteacher and that she and Stella are not in good terms for some time now, but still, she plans to stay for a while at her place and judging by her baggage that won’t be only for a couple of days.

The moment she arrives, she breaks it to Stella that she lost the home their relatives left them, and she gave absence from her job, because of, as she says “bad nerves”.

We can immediately see the character of Blanche, as she does not have enough money to pay for a room to stay in and yet nitpicks everything about Stella’s home and the neighborhood it is in.

It is no wonder that Stella’s husband instantly dislikes her and starts doubting her that she tricked his wife out of her part of the inheritance.

However, soon we discover that she lost the inheritance due to a foreclosed mortgage, which reveals that Blanche is in the quite bad financial situation, and has some problems she wishes to conceal from her sister and her sister’s husband.

But, do not think that Stella and her husband Stanley have it all!

In fact, it is quite the opposite. They are together as a result of animal magnetism and sexual desire, and not real love and respect.

Their marriage is far from happy, and we can see it in more than one instance, the first being the moment when Stanley is playing poker in his apartment and sees Blanche winning the affection of one of his friends.

He makes a scene and even beats Stella as she defends her sister.

Later that night, he begs Stella to forgive him, and to Blanche’s surprise, she does.

The next day, Blanche feels like it is time to have a talk with her sister, and tries to make her consider leaving Stanley and finding a better man for herself. However, Stanley walks in and hears parts of the conversation, and he uses his knowledge of Blanche’s past to blackmail her.

We get just a hint of her past during her open discussion with Stanley’s friend, whom she is now dating, in which she reveals that her former husband committed suicide after she found out that he is in fact, homosexual.

The next scene takes us one month later, on the day of Blanche’s birthday.

However, although it seems as it will be a happy day, it turns out another way.

Stanley reveals to Stella that he has learned about Stella’s past. She lost the inheritance, moved to a motel from which she was evicted because of her sexual indiscretions, and was fired from her job at the school because she seduced a student.

As the “party” begins and Stanley’s friend never comes, we realize that Stanley has told these things to him as well, and so does Blanche, when Stanley indicates that he knows about her past.

His cruelty does not stop there, though.

He gives her a bus ticket (one-way) back to her town.

This seems to be the last drop in the glass for Stella, and she gets mad, but Stella is pregnant, and about to give birth, so the labor prevents her from fighting with Stanley.

Several hours pass and Blanche is already drunk. The guy she was dating arrives, also drunk, and tells her that he could never imagine a future with her since she is not whom he imagined her to be.

However, he tries to have sex with her, since he sees her as easy, but she pushes him away yelling “fire” to get the attention of the people that pass on the street.

After he leaves, Stanley arrives.

He, happy because of the baby, tries to make her celebrate, but she does not want to.

As she tries to pass him, he gets violent, and things escalate that far that he takes her to the bedroom and rapes her.

A Streetcar Named Desire Epilogue

Several weeks later, Stella packs her sister’s bags, while Stanley plays cards with his friends and Blanche is in the bathroom.

We find out that very soon, a doctor is to take her to an asylum, thinking she is insane, but Blanche believes that she will be leaving with her lover.

Stella could not believe the story that her husband raped her.

Soon, the doctor arrives, and Blanche gets out of the bathroom, and the verbalization of her thoughts make us realize that she has indeed lost her mind.

At first, she fights back not wanting to leave, but then when the doctor approaches her gently, she agrees to it.

As she leaves, Stella cries holding her child in her hands, while Stanley comforts her, uttering loving words.

What an ending!

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“A Streetcar Named Desire PDF Quotes”

What is straight? A line can be straight, or a street, but the human heart, oh, no, it's curved like a road through mountains. Click To Tweet I have always depended on the kindness of strangers. Click To Tweet I don't want realism. I want magic! Click To Tweet Oh, you can't describe someone you're in love with! Click To Tweet Show me a person who hasn´t known any sorrow and I´ll show you a superficial. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

I, as a Brando fan, have always loved this movie! So, you can just imagine how overjoyed I was when I finally read the play.

Usually, I do not find plays interesting, but oh boy, has this one hooked me in completely!

I warmly recommend it.

And, if you really, really, really hate reading plays, then at least watch the movie. Trust me; you won’t regret.

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Heart of Darkness PDF Summary

Heart of Darkness PDFWho Should Read “Heart of Darkness”? And Why?

“Heart of Darkness” is a story about an ivory transporter called Marlow, who travels up the Congo to meet a man named the Kurtz, who has risen to be a god-like figure among the natives, and is known as a man of great abilities.

On his way, he sees how the lives of the natives have changed under the hand of the Europeans.

This is a story of greed, darkness, and exploitation, and we recommend it to readers who like reading dark introspective stories.

Joseph Conrad Biography

Joseph ConradJoseph Conrad was a Polish author, who is considered as one of the best English-writing authors. His writing is amazing, especially when you think about how English was not his first language.


Marlow is a riverboat captain at the Company (at least, he becomes one, as the book starts), which is a Belgian trade company in the Congo.

He is our “ticket” to seeing the brutal situation in Africa: the natives of the area are enslaved and work, despite the mistreatment and bad working conditions, for the Company.

It all starts as Marlow sets foot at the Central station after his steamship has been sunk. So, he has to wait there for the ship to be repaired.

During this time, he learns more about a legendary-like figure, Kurtz, that everyone fears and talks about.

The manager of Central Station seems to fear him as well since he sees him as a threat that could endanger his position.

The rumors say that Kurtz is ill.

As the ship’s repairs are over, Marlow, the manager, a crew of cannibals and a few other agents start their journey up the Congo.

The voyage is long and far from easy. The dense jungle is everywhere, and so is the profound silence, which makes everyone feel at the edge of their seats.

Some time in their journey, the crew comes across a hut near which firewood is stacked. Next, to it, there is a note saying that the wood is for them.

They load the firewood into the steamboat, and shortly after they finish the job, the boat sinks into a thick fog.

As the fog lifts, they are attacked by natives, who fire at them from the forest, so they cannot be seen.

Marlow manages to scare them off with the steam whistle.

After some time, they arrive at the Inner Station, where Kurtz is.

Everyone expects that he is already dead, but they are assured that he is all right. The Russian trader that meets them upon their arrival and breaks them the news tells them that he is the one that left the wood for them.

Marlow notices from the behavior and telling of the Russian that Kurtz is considered as a god among the natives, and has used his position to raid the territory for ivory.

Around the station, there is a fence made of severed heads, which he uses to scare off anyone who wants to defy him.

The men take Kurtz out of his room on a stretcher to take him to the ship.

The natives come out of the woods, and surrounds him, as he addresses them. Then, he is brought aboard the steamship.

He is quite ill.

In the meantime, Marlow sees a beautiful woman walking down the shore, and constantly staring at their direction – at the ship.

The Russian speaks about her, revealing that she got involved with Kurtz as his mistress, and influenced his way of thinking, causing trouble.

In fact, Kurtz is the one who ordered the attack the steamship went through, hoping that if they get attacked, they will get discouraged thinking he has already passed away. That way, they might return where they came from, and he might be left to accomplish all of his plans.

Marlow swears that he will keep it a secret.

That night, Kurtz disappears for a moment, but Marlow notices and goes out to search for him.

He finds him crawling in the direction of the native camp.

He tries to talk to him, and in the end, convinces him to go back to the steamer.

The next morning, they depart down the river. Meanwhile, Kurtz’s health is getting worse.

Marlow is put in a situation where he listens to Kurtz’s philosophies and is entrusted with some of his personal documents.

Among these documents is also a pamphlet about exterminating “the brutes” by civilizing the savages.

On their trip, the steamer faces some kind of problem, and they have to stop it in order to repair it.

However, it is too late, since Kurtz’s health is already too bad, and he dies, by saying “The horror! The horror!” as his last words to Marlow.

Marlow is confused. He gets sickish afterward but survives the illness.

Heart of Darkness Epilogue

After his return to Europe, Marlow visits Kurtz’s fiancé.

Ths scene is quite impressive. She is still in mourning, and when talking about him, she elevates him as a model of achievement and human virtue.

She asks Marlow to tell her what his last words were.

He contemplates telling her the truth, but he cannot bring himself to it.

So, instead of breaking her illusions of the man she was supposed to marry, he tells her that she uttered her name right before he died.

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“Heart of Darkness PDF Quotes”

We live as we dream--alone... Click To Tweet It was written I should be loyal to the nightmare of my choice. Click To Tweet Your strength is just an accident arising from the weakness of others. Click To Tweet He struggled with himself, too. I saw it -- I heard it. I saw the inconceivable mystery of a soul that knew no restraint, no faith, and no fear, yet struggling blindly with itself. Click To Tweet The mind of man is capable of anything. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

I first got introduced to “Heart of Darkness” in school. Having to write a thesis about it, I explored its deeper meaning and all its characters to great detail, and it still continues to exist in my mind as one of the greatest stories I have read.

If you decide to read the book, read the analysis afterward as well. The story itself is entertaining, but knowing a little about history and the meanings it has hidden inside, is going to make your experience that much better!

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Crime and Punishment PDF Summary

Crime and Punishment PDFThere are some books that all the world knows about.

There are some characters that everyone knows the name of, even if they have not read the books that they “live” in.

There are some authors that will always stay legends in the literary world.

Who Should Read “Crime and Punishment”? And Why?

“Crime and Punishment” is a story about Raskolnikov, a handsome but poor young man, that decides to do a terrible crime, and his journey through suffering and introspection, all the way through repentance.

My problem with this kind of introduction of the book is that it makes it sound like a thriller, or crime novel when it is, in fact, a complicated study of human emotions and psyche.

We recommend it to all lovers of psychological novels and to those that enjoy Russian classics.

Fyodor M. Dostoevsky Biography

Fyodor M. DostoevskyFyodor M. Dostoevsky was a Russian writer and philosopher who explored human psychology and societal occurrences in his literary works.


The story starts as we get acquainted with Rodion Romanovich Raskolnikov, a sickly former student, that lives in a tiny run-down flat in St. Petersburg. He is a handsome young man, but fortune has not served him, and he lacks money.

The moment we meet him, he is debating whether he should commit an unthinkable crime.

We realize that the idea that is wandering around in his mind must be awful, but we do not know what he thinks about just yet.

That is until we see him overhearing a conversation in which a student talks about an old pawnbroker Alyona Ivanovna, and how the world would be a better place if she were not alive.

We know about this woman since Raskolnikov already went to her apartment to get money from her. He, later on, hears another conversation from which he finds out that she will be alone in her home the next evening.

We can already sense what Raskolnikov will do, but we hope (or at least, I hoped) that he will not go through with the crime. However, the title of this masterpiece suggests otherwise.

So, the next day comes, and Raskolnikov does what he intended – kills the old woman. However, not everything goes according to plan. As he is going from room to room trying to find money, her sister enters.

So, he has to kill her as well. Otherwise, he would be found out.

He returns to his apartment, barely avoiding any eyewitnesses, and collapses in his bed – only to wake up the next morning, scared and confused.

He frantically starts looking for blood on his clothes. The summons he receives from the police further complicates things in Raskolnikov’s mind.

However, as he arrives in the police station, he finds out that it has nothing to do with the crime he committed, but that his landlady is asking for him to pay all the rent he owes.

During the questioning, Raskolnikov shows signs of guilt (he faints) when the murder of the two ladies is mentioned. So, the police start to suspect him.

Now, everything that follows is a complex narrative that involves many characters that somehow affect Raskolnikov’s life.

What is important in the novel, however, is not mainly the way the storyline goes, but the ideas it tries to convey.

As far as the storyline is concerned, I believe that if I just told you all the events of the plot, you will not be fascinated by the book.

The true mastery of Dostoevsky is his way of shaping the characters and layering his stories.

In the core of “Crime and Punishment” is the question of one’s superiority in the society.

The lead character, Raskolnikov, is a proud young man and feels superior to the rest. In fact, that opinion, in some part, is the source of his idea of doing a terrible crime.

He believes that he is above the law and the moral that most humans share. However, the mental torture he goes through after he commits the crime denies this idea of superhumanity.

But Raskolnikov does not want to accept it until the very end and furthermore shuts himself to the outside world and all the people that try to help him. He continually entertains the thoughts that the crime was justified in his mind, trying to erase that feeling of guilt.

Of course, he does not succeed in it. It is interesting how we see Raskolnikov’s character analysis from the outside, in the speeches of Porfiry Petrovich, who, before everyone else (even before Raskolnikov too) sees the outcome of the situation.

He believes that he will either confess or he will go mad since he will not be able to handle the guilt.

And, so it happens as he expected.

The “crime” and the “punishment” in the book are not as you would expect them to be. The crime is committed on the very beginning of the storyline, while the character receives the punishment at the very end.

In fact, this book is not about these fate-turning points, but mostly about the journey in between, somewhere inside the human psyche and all the complicated emotions and thoughts, Raskolnikov goes through.

Crime and Punishment Epilogue

The epilogue of the book is actually explaining the punishment Raskolnikov receives, as well as his transformation as a character because of the power of love.

The future is not as dark as one would expect for him, and although he is punished for what he has done, there is hope for a good life in the future.

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“Crime and Punishment PDF Quotes”

Pain and suffering are always inevitable for a large intelligence and a deep heart. The really great men must, I think, have great sadness on earth. Click To Tweet To go wrong in one's own way is better than to go right in someone else's. Click To Tweet The darker the night, the brighter the stars, The deeper the grief, the closer is God! Click To Tweet We sometimes encounter people, even perfect strangers, who begin to interest us at first sight, somehow suddenly, all at once, before a word has been spoken. Click To Tweet It takes something more than intelligence to act intelligently. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

You know a book is good when it is so complex that you cannot precisely summarize it in a few sentences.

As I reread the summary I just served to you; I can see that I was holding off any information that might spoil the book for you. In fact, I was rather talking vaguely about the events and tried to explain the ideas that Dostoevsky wanted to convey by writing this masterpiece.

I think I was afraid. By going into detail, I would risk not doing this book any justice.

Let’s be honest here: Dostoevsky’s words cannot be copied or retold. I mean, there must be a reason why he is known as the master of psychological stories, right?

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Predictable Results in Unpredictable Times PDF Summary

Predictable Results in Unpredictable Times PDFHow to Win in Any Environment

Unlike other leaders, Stephen and Bob had the vision to find the perfect recipe for all-time victory.

It’s needless to say that competition these days is fierce, and you need something to stand out!

We summarize the key takeaways from this book in a nutshell.

Who Should Read “Predictable Results in Unpredictable Times”? And Why?

You must stop running around looking for a way to make money, without having a strategy. There’s a better game now, so before you put your idea to the test, you might want to arm yourself with the right attitude and knowledge.

Predictable Results in Unpredictable Times” is yet another classic deriving directly from the pond of Stephen Covey and Bob Whitman.

Frankly speaking, this book is suited for everyone, because it covers thought-provoking situations that we as people daily encounter.

About Stephen R. Covey

Stephen CoveyStephen R. Covey is best known for his bestseller 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. He was an incredible author, motivator, and trainer who helped companies and individuals to achieve their desired results.

As an award-winning author, he left a legacy of life-altering books and eye-opening insights.

“Predictable Results in Unpredictable Times PDF Summary”

Principle One: “Execute Priorities with Excellence

Before you start with the execution, reassess your team capabilities and push full steam ahead towards accomplishing realistic objectives. Your associates or members involved in the project must have strict assurance from you, that there’s plan which fits their needs and skillset.

Your attitude must herald victory, an incentive that will urge you to enhance your knowledge and improve your status.

The right attitude must fuel every business endeavor because there’s a lot at stake. If you don’t have vision, nor appetite for a grand slam, you may end up on the bottom floor. The implementation phase is only icing on the cake, once you get all things settled.

  • Pay attention to the top tasks–  Stephen Covey throughout his career emphasized the power of focus. Nonetheless, many people these days, deceived by multitasking propaganda fail to identify the priorities. Define these agendas, before you move on!
  • Delegation of routine and specialized tasks must be taken seriously” – Put yourself in the shoes of your employees and see whether you’ll be able to produce value if you have little clue of what’s expected of you. We firmly believe that behind every right action, there is “shadow work.” In other words, a sequence of processes supported by efficient planning that will keep you on course.
  • Track the progress” – Do we need to say more? – If you don’t measure your progress, how else would you be able to beat your competitors and fight for a place at the table?
    Put to the test everything that raises suspicion, and those processes which affect your income statements.

Principle Two: “Move with the Speed of Trust

As head of an organization or company, you must be at the center of happenings. If you pursue a win-win situation, the employees will do the same. Make sure that all of your plans are out in the open so that a brainstorming session can be arranged.

It may come as a surprise to you, but your associates have a lot to offer, just give them a chance. Your output will increase dramatically if all the parties are involved in finding a solution.

You don’t need gigantic strides to achieve success. As a manager, it’s more than enough if you follow simple ground rules, to rekindle that trust and determination.

Advocate for full-transparency” – The company’s policy must allow the staffers to speak freely and avoid quarrels at any cost. As a matter of fact, no one has the right to overshadow others. Even if someone doesn’t like this free-supporting environment, you must lay out that friendliness comes first!  

Be a person with integrity” – These days it’s more than easy to abandon your promises in a matter of minutes and pretend that you’ve said nothing. It’s time to restore that purity and ask the same of your associates.

Praise your team” – Don’t forget to pay tribute to a great employee or associate who contributed a lot to the company.  Give them your thanks and express a sense of gratitude for everything they’ve done.

Principle Three: “Achieve More with Less

Define those activities that are crucial in the value creation process. Most managers cannot cope with incoming crisis or lower sales or something that hinders the company’s progress.

To do more in less is not straightforward, but skillful executives handle the crisis in two ways:

  • “Place emphasis on loyalty from both channels – customers and employees.”
  • “Come to an agreement with everyone not comfortable with the goals.”

Principle Four: “Reduce Fear

If you want to get the best out of your employees, you might want to help them to exploit their potential to full extent. Generally speaking, that’s not something you can do within days.

Nevertheless, this is a lot harder than it seems due to the economic situation which jeopardizes their financial stability. It’s up to you to help them direct their energies towards more meaningful things and get a firm grip on their future.

Key Lessons from “Predictable Results in Unpredictable Times”

1.      Develop the right attitude
2.      Make them feel better
3.      Positivity is key to success

Develop the right attitude

Many successful athletes and businessmen embroiled in rivalries just for the sake of adrenalin. They stood their ground in order to capitalize on the other party’s weakness and lack of experience.  

If you valiantly discard the possibility of winning over and over again, we can’t help you.

Make them feel better

If you fail to create an atmosphere of support, don’t be surprised to witness your collapse.

Do your best to keep your staffers happy and encourage them to speak freely on whatever occasion.

Positivity is key to success

This cliché talk is annoying to most people, but why do we hear it so often? – Have you laid eyes on a negative person who inspires other?

Indeed, to spark a change, you must become that “change”!

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“Predictable Results in Unpredictable Times Quotes”

There might be exceptions—and if so, you might rethink their employment—but few people really want to be mediocre. Most of your team members want to make a valued contribution—to find purpose in their work. Click To Tweet Business confidence is one of the top concerns of CEOs in the latest Conference Board Report of 2009—earlier in the decade, it didn’t even show up. Click To Tweet A turn in the economy can hurt you, but your own decisions can hurt you even more. Click To Tweet In a crisis, narrowing the focus is critical. Click To Tweet Clarity reduces fear, even if what is made clear isn’t very positive. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

Predictable Results in Unpredictable Times is a practical book, which underlines some fundamental principles anyone should follow.

If achieving glory is on your checklist, this classic is the last thing you should skip.

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Edgar Allan Poe Quotes

Edgar Allan Poe QuotesOn October 3, 1849. Edgar Allan Poe, then just 40 years of age, was found roaming the streets of Baltimore, delirious and acting too strange to be considered sane.

According to Joseph W. Walker – the man who had found him – Poe was “in great distress, and… in need of immediate assistance.”

At least that’s what he wrote to Poe’s acquaintance, Joseph E. Snodgrass, who was a doctor and who has provided us with a very vivid description of how Poe had looked like few days before he died:

His face was haggard, not to say bloated, and unwashed, his hair unkempt, and his whole physique repulsive. His expansive forehead, with its wonderful breadth between the points where the phrenologists locate the organ of ideality — the widest I ever measured — and that full-orbed and mellow, yet soulful eye, for which he was so noticeable when himself, now lusterless and vacant, as shortly I could see, were shaded from view by a rusty, almost brimless, tattered and ribbon-less palm leaf hat.

His clothing consisted of a sack-coat of thin and sleezy black alpaca, ripped more or less at several of its seams, and faded and soiled, and pants of a steel-mixed pattern of cassinette, half-worn and badly-fitting, if they could be said to fit at all. He wore neither vest nor neck-cloth, while the bosom of his shirt was both crumpled and badly soiled. On his feet were boots of coarse material, and giving no sign of having been blacked for a long time, if at all.

So, basically, Poe was barely human, looking repulsive, and wearing clothes and shoes that couldn’t have been his.

To make matters even stranger, the only thing he was capable of uttering was the name of a certain “Reynolds.”

To this day, we have no idea who was Poe calling out for.

And we have no idea how he got to be in the state that he was in on October 3, 1849.

All we know is that four days later he died.

The list of possible reasons is rather long: alcohol or drugs, brain congestion or heart disease, rabies or cholera, tuberculosis, a suicide gone wrong (initially…)

Feels like a plot snatched right out of a detective novel, doesn’t it?

Speaking of which –

Edgar Allan Poe was the guy who invented that genre, having created the precursor to all those Sherlock Holmeses and Hercule Poirots you’ve grown to love throughout the years.

Poe’s detective is called C. Auguste Dupin and was born in his mind before the word “detective” even existed!

In addition, Edgar was one of the first guys who put the word science in “science fiction” back at a time when it was still “scientific” to think that living things are powered on abstract concepts such as “élan vitals” and “souls.”

(Yeah – how would that work?)

However, even though he invented two such beloved and popular genres, Poe is much more famous today for his horror and gothic fiction.

A tormented soul in the body of a great writer, he wrote some of the most frightening short stories ever written, one of which we’ve summarized for you right here.

He also wrote some of the most mournful, lovely and heartbreaking poems in the history of the United States, which is why we’ve listed his most beautiful love quotes in another article.

But, for now – let’s take a broader view!

Edgar Allan Poe Quotes – Top 10

All that we see or seem | is but a dream within a dream. Click To Tweet Evil is a consequence of Good, so, in fact, out of Joy is sorrow born. Either the memory of past bliss is the anguish of to-day, or the agonies which are, have their origin in the ecstasies which might have been. Click To Tweet They who dream by day are cognizant of many things which escape those who dream only by night. Click To Tweet And my soul from out that shadow that lies floating on the floor | Shall be lifted — nevermore! Click To Tweet If you wish to forget anything upon the spot, make a note that this thing is to be remembered Click To Tweet It was many and many a year ago, | In a kingdom by the sea, | That a maiden lived whom you may know | By the name of Annabel Lee. Click To Tweet How many good books suffer neglect through the inefficiency of their beginnings! Click To Tweet I have great faith in fools — self-confidence my friends will call it. Click To Tweet That man is not truly brave who is afraid either to seem or to be, when it suits him, a coward. Click To Tweet I became insane, with long intervals of horrible sanity. Click To Tweet

We had a difficult time choosing those, since, let’s face it, Edgar Allan Poe is basically the utmost authority in the history of world’s fiction on topics such as madness, dreams, death, and all things strange and bizarre.

“He was an adventurer into the vaults and cellars and horrible underground passages of the human soul,” wrote D. H. Lawrence in 1924. “He sounded the horror and the warning of his own doom.”

Let’s see in what manner!

Quotes by Edgar Allan Poe – Short Stories

From “The Tell-Tale Heart”

TRUE! — nervous — very, very dreadfully nervous I had been and am; but why will you say that I am mad?

And now have I not told you that what you mistake for madness is but over-acuteness of the senses?

I was never kinder to the old man than during the whole week before I killed him.

From “The Black Cat”

For the most wild, yet most homely narrative which I am about to pen, I neither expect nor solicit belief. Mad indeed would I be to expect it, in a case where my very senses reject their own evidence. Yet, mad am I not — and very surely do I not dream. But to-morrow I die, and to-day I would unburthen my soul.

There is something in the unselfish and self-sacrificing love of a brute, which goes directly to the heart of him who has had frequent occasion to test the paltry friendship and gossamer fidelity of mere Man.

From “The Premature Burial”

The boundaries which divide Life from Death are at best shadowy and vague. Who shall say where the one ends, and where the other begins?

From “Eleonora”

Those who dream by day are cognizant of many things which escape those who dream only by night.

Quotes by Edgar Allan Poe – Poetry

From “Alone”

From childhood’s hour I have not been
As others were — I have not seen
As others saw — I could not bring
My passions from a common spring —
From the same source I have not taken
My sorrow — I could not awaken
My heart to joy at the same tone —
And all I lov’d — I lov’d alone

From “The Raven”

Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,
Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore,
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.

Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there, wondering, fearing,
doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before.

From “Eldorado”

Gaily bedight,
A gallant knight,
In sunshine and in shadow,
Had journeyed long,
Singing a song,
In search of Eldorado.

Quotes by Edgar Allan Poe – Marginalia

After reading all that has been written, and after thinking all that can be thought on the topics of God and the soul, the man who has a right to say that he thinks at all, will find himself face to face with the conclusion that, on these topics, the most profound thought is that which can be the least easily distinguished from the most superficial sentiment.

It is by no means an irrational fancy that, in a future existence, we shall look upon what we think our present existence, as a dream.

If any ambitious man have a fancy to revolutionize at one effort the universal world of human thought, human opinion, and human sentiment, the opportunity is his own — the road to immortal renown lies straight, open, and unencumbered before him. All that he has to do is to write and publish a very little book. Its title should be simple — a few plain words — “My Heart Laid Bare.” But — this little book must be true to its title.

In reading some books we occupy ourselves chiefly with the thoughts of the author; in perusing others, exclusively with our own.

Quotes by Edgar Allan Poe – Essays

From “The Philosophy of Composition”

The death of a beautiful woman is, unquestionably, the most poetical topic in the world.

From “The Poetic Principle”

A poem deserves its title only inasmuch as it excites, by elevating the soul. The value of the poem is in the ratio of this elevating excitement. But all excitements are, through a psychal necessity, transient.

I hold that a long poem does not exist. I maintain that the phrase, “a long poem,” is simply a flat contradiction in terms.

Final Notes

We’re not done!

We purposefully left out some of the most famous quotes by Poe because we wanted to include them in our selection of his most beautiful love quotes.

Stay tuned for those!

We promise: you will not be disappointed!

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What Did Leonardo da Vinci Invent?

What Did Leonardo da Vinci Invent

Who Was Leonardo da Vinci?

Look up the word “polymath” in the Dictionary, and you’ll end up reading a biography of Leonardo da Vinci!

Don’t believe us?

Here’s what Wikipedia says a “polymath” means:

A polymath (Greek: πολυμαθής, polymathēs, “having learned much,” Latin: homo universalis, “universal man”) is a person whose expertise spans a significant number of different subject areas—such a person is known to draw on complex bodies of knowledge to solve specific problems.

And here are the first two sentences of Wikipedia’s article on Leonardo da Vinci:

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian Renaissance polymath whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography. He has been variously called the father of paleontology, ichnology, and architecture, and is widely considered one of the greatest painters of all time.

So, to answer your question:

“Who was Leonardo da Vinci?”

He was the original polymath, the archetype of the Renaissance man, a guy so smart and capable that his resume would have probably given you an inferiority complex just by the sheer number of pages.

Speaking of which –

Leonardo da Vinci: An Exceptional CV

We know you know him as the painter of the “Mona Lisa” and “The Last Supper” – two of the greatest paintings ever sketched by a man’s hand – but, in the case of Leonardo, that is basically the same as saying that LeBron James is an average streetballer.

In other words, painting masterpieces was merely one small aspect of what Leonardo was good at.

Case in point:

In 1482, when he was 30 years old and jobless, he penned his own CV and sent it to Ludovico il Moro, Duke of Milan, in the hope that it will get him a gig or two.

It’s merely 11 points long, but it will make your head spin and your confidence vaporize in thin air.

The letter says, in no immodest terms, that its author is capable of – in the original order –

1. building indestructible – extremely light and strong – and easily carriable (what?!) bridges;
2. taking the water out of the trenches when a place is besieged;
3. modeling machines which will easily destroy other places;
4. creating storm-mimicking mortars;
5. building indestructible vessels;
6. devising noiseless mines;
7. inventing safe and unattackable chariots;
8. creating big guns of any type already in existence;
9. contriving “catapults, mangonels, trabocchi, and other machines of marvelous efficacy and not in common use.”

So, basically, if there’s a war and you have Leonardo on your side, it’s not much more different than finding out about the “iddqd” and “idkfa” cheat codes and using them both at the same time in “Doom.”

With da Vinci, you end up having all the weapons and being basically indestructible.

Wait… wasn’t Leonardo the guy who painted Mona Lisa?

Didn’t he know how to paint before he was 30?

If so – why doesn’t he mention that in his CV?

Oh, yeah – we forgot that: he mentions his peace-time qualities in the last two points of his resume, as if in passing:

10. In times of peace I believe I can give perfect satisfaction and to the equal of any other in architecture and the composition of buildings public and private; and in guiding water from one place to another.

11. I can carry out sculpture in marble, bronze, or clay, and also I can do in painting whatever may be done, as well as any other, be he who he may.

The point?

Leonardo da Vinci, one of the greatest artists in history, was architect and sculptor and painter only when there was not much to do around.

And when there was – well he was inventing the hell out of everything.

Here are the top 5 Leonardo da Vinci inventions, in the order of “awesome” to “downright godlike”!

What Did Leonardo da Vinci Invent: Top 5 Leonardo da Vinci Inventions

#5. Self-Propelled Cart

self propelled cartOr, to put it in one word – a car.

Leonardo was often thinking about things people would only start thinking about in the 20th century. To make this even more fascinating: in this case, he was probably just imagining a device for theatrical use.

And what he came up with was a cart able to move without being pushed by anyone!

Which makes us think: if someone had asked Leonardo back in the 15th century to do his homework, would Leonardo write him a doctoral dissertation instead?

We forgot to mention: no one knew what the painting on the left was until about two decades ago when Italy’s Institute and Museum of the History of Science in Florence developed a working model based on that image.

And it actually worked!

#4. Robotic Knight

robotic knightYou read that right!

What you’re looking on the left is a 2002 version of Leonardo da Vinci’s 15th-century idea of what a robotic knight may look like.

Unsurprisingly, the prototype – created by NASA’s roboticist Mark Rosheim – was able to both walk and wave.

And that’s not even the fascinating part:

Mark Rosheim commented how da Vinci’s design featured not one unnecessary part!

So – both futuristic and efficient.

#3. Helicopter (and Other Flying Machines)

helicopterOne of the things Leonardo da Vinci was most interested in when it came to inventions was flying.

So, he spent a lot of time looking at birds and analyzing their flight. About 1505 he even composed a short treatise called “Codex on the Flight of Birds.”

And he did many different sketches of flying machines, whether ornithopters or helicopters.

Watch here modern scientists testing them one by one:

Now, most of Da Vinci’s flying machines didn’t work.

But next to the image on the left (called the aerial screw), he jotted down this observation:

If this instrument made with a screw be well made – that is to say, made of linen of which the pores are stopped up with starch and be turned swiftly, the said screw will make its spiral in the air, and it will rise high.

#2. Parachute

parachutePeople were still unable to even fathom a concept such as a flying human, and da Vinci was already working out a device designed for a safe landing.

And unlike the flying machines which needed some fine-tuning to work, Leonardo’s pyramidal parachute would have worked the way it was sketched just perfectly.

Making Leonardo the official inventor of the parachute!

That was set in stone in July 2000 when Adrian Nicholas successfully tested a modern model of Leonardo’s half a millennium old design.

But, just in case, his Swiss colleague Olivier Vietti-Teppa verified the findings eight years later.

#1. Tank

tankWhen Leonardo was saying that he’s capable of building indestructible vehicles, he wasn’t you claiming that you know Mandarin Chinese on your CV because, well, who does to check that?

Oh, no – Leonardo was dead serious!

In other words, he had devised in his mind the precursor to the modern tank, and that’s his version of it on the left.

It could move in any direction and fire from a number of circularly placed light cannons.

However, it had to be powered by the crew of eight men.

Now, Leonardo didn’t have much time to play around with his designs – you know being busy with, well, absolutely everything.

But, people note that if he had, he would have certainly realized that he could combine #5 and #1, changing the history of warfare in a way we can’t even imagine!

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“Leonardo da Vinci Quotes”

Painting is poetry that is seen rather than felt, and poetry is painting that is felt rather than seen. Click To Tweet A painter should begin every canvas with a wash of black because all things in nature are dark except where exposed by the light. Click To Tweet Once you have tasted flight, you will forever walk the earth with your eyes turned skyward, for there you have been, and there you will always long to return. Click To Tweet Study without desire spoils the memory, and it retains nothing that it takes in. Click To Tweet It had long since come to my attention that people of accomplishment rarely sat back and let things happen to them. They went out and happened to things. Click To Tweet

When Did Leonardo da Vinci Die?

Now, unfortunately, Leonardo da Vinci wasn’t immortal – though, we bet that he was working on something of this sort somewhere in his notebooks; prepare to find out about it in a century or so.

Even more tragically, he died in 1519, at barely 67 years of age, having left behind him the work of about four highly talented centenarians.

According to Helen Gardner, he was a man of “unquenchable curiosity” and “feverishly inventive imagination” with a “mind and personality [which] seem to us superhuman.”

“There had never been another man born in the world who knew as much as Leonardo,” said Benvenuto Cellini, a great sculptor, some 20 years after Leonardo died.

Five centuries later, we add: and probably there never will be.

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Robinson Crusoe PDF Summary

Robinson Crusoe PDFImagine you are alone on a deserted island.

What would you think? What would you do?

Read our summary and allow Robinson Crusoe to give you an idea of how that feels like.

Who Should Read “Robinson Crusoe”? And Why?

“Robinson Crusoe” is primarily a story about survival: Crusoe is stuck on an island, and he needs to find food, shelter, and arm himself to fight off any threats to his life.

Sure, you can look at it this way.

However, at the same time, it is a book about introspection, as the character learns to change his worldviews and adapt to the new environment he is forced to live in.

We recommend this classic to all readers interested in adventure stories.

Daniel Defoe Biography

Daniel DefoeDaniel Defoe was an English writer, journalist, and spy.

His book, Robinson Crusoe, is the most widely translated book in the world, second to the Bible.


Robinson Crusoe is the son of a merchant in the town of York, whom his father encourages to get an education in the field of law. However, he does not want the same future for himself and instead expresses her plan to go out to sea.

Of course, his family is against it since they do not consider it a secure lifestyle choice, but although he initially follows their wishes, in the end, he cannot resist temptation and follows his passions.

The first ship he gets into for London gets into a storm which discourages his friends’ similar wishes to spend his life at sea, so Crusoe is left alone for the rest of the journey.

He joins a merchant ship that departs from London, and with the trip ending up financially successful, he decides to set off again.

However, the second trip is not as fortunate as the first one – in fact, it results in him being enslaved in North Africa.

Thankfully, he manages to break free, along with one other slave boy and he sets sails down the African coast.

On this voyage, he meets a Portuguese captain that is kind enough to buy off the slave boy from him and to drop Crusoe off at Brazil.

In Brazil, Crusoe soon becomes successful as a plantation owner. For further success, he needs more workforce, and so he embarks on an expedition to West Africa where he hopes to gather more slaves.

On this expedition, he is shipwrecked on an island (he finds this out later), as the sole survivor of the whole crew.

He, therefore, fathers food, powder, guns and whatever else he can find from the wrecks and seeks shelter for himself. As the days pass by, he finds goats that he can eat the meat off and builds a cross with the date of his arrival inscribed on it.

He also keeps a diary in which he notes all of his household activities and everyday events.

One day, he falls sick, and he hallucinates that an angel comes to see him, and gives him the advice to repent. He soon undergoes a religious enlightenment and believes that his situation is God’s way to deliver him from his sins.

Once he finds out that he is on an island, he starts calling himself a king and develops different sets of skills such as bread making, basket weaving, and pottery. He also builds a small boat and rows around the island to explore it. As he does so, he is nearly swept away by the current.

When he hears his pet parrot calling him, he is thankful to be on the island and be saved once again.

He lives a completely peaceful life until he discovers a human footprint on the beach a few years later.

The first thing that comes to mind to him is that the devil has left the footprint, but after some time of rational thinking, he comes to the conclusion that it is probably a footprint of some of the cannibals he has heard that live in the region.

His beliefs about the existence of cannibals get stronger as he finds human carnage all over the beach shore, which looks like leftovers from a cannibal feast.

Later, he faces these cannibals, as thirty of them are taking their victims to the shore. One of the victims is dead, while the other one, not slaughtered yet, manages to escape and runs toward Crusoe.

Crusoe is well armed, so he protects him and manages to defeat the cannibals.

The man that was freed is grateful for his salvation, so he vows to be loyal to Crusoe.

That is how Crusoe meets the man which he later names Friday (like the day he saved him).

Friday is intelligent, so Crusoe begins teaching him English and introduces to him some elementary concepts of Christianity.

As Friday learns how to communicate to Crusoe, he explains more about the cannibals and tells him that the victims of the shipwreck were saved by them and that they are living nearby.

They decide to go and visit the victims (called Spaniards) in the cannibals’ land together.

However, before they can do as they plan, they see the arrival of twenty – one cannibal on the shore, which are bringing three other victims.

Robinson Crusoe Epilogue

Crusoe and Friday manage to save one of the victims, who later turns out to be Friday’s father.

Soon, they notice an English ship approaching the shore. They see that some of the ship’s men stay behind to guard some captives, while other men explore the island.

Crusoe is suspicious, so he defeats the men from the crew and frees the captives, finding out that one of them is the ship’s captain taken in mutiny.

That is how Crusoe gets the chance to board the ship back to England.

However, what does he find there?

How has the world changed since he was gone? What happens to the island after he took his leave?

Well, to find that out, you will have to read the book.

It would not be fair of us to spoil everything for you, after all!

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“Robinson Crusoe PDF Quotes”

It is never too late to be wise. Click To Tweet Thus fear of danger is ten thousand times more terrifying than danger itself. Click To Tweet Thus we never see the true state of our condition till it is illustrated to us by its contraries, nor know how to value what we enjoy, but by the want of it. Click To Tweet All our discontents about what we want appeared to me to spring from the want of thankfulness for what we have. Click To Tweet For sudden Joys, like Griefs, confound at first. Click To Tweet

Our Critical Review

“Robinson Crusoe” was one of those books I had to read when I was a high schooler. Although I did not like most of the books they made us read, this one really struck my heartstrings.

I still like it, on the second, as on the third read. I have also watched many of the adaptations, but the movie is rarely better than the source it is based on.

So, read it.

A good adventure story is always a good idea after all!

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